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Eschenberg (Bremke)

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Ash Mountain
Eschenberg, Südansicht

Eschenberg, south view

Height 407.8 mabovesea level [1]
Location near Bremke; County of Göttingen, Lower Saxony (Germany)
Mountain Weser-Leine-Bergland
Coordinates 51° 27′ 34″ N, 10° 2′ 53″ ECoordinates 51° 27′ 34″ N, 10° 2′ 53″O
Eschenberg (Bremke) (Niedersachsen)
Eschenberg (Bremke)

The Eschenberg is a mountain up to 407.8 ma. s.l[1] high mountain in the Weser-Leine-Bergland. It is located north of Bremke in the Göttingen district of Lower Saxony (Germany).

On the north-western tip of the hilltop is a small rampart castle, and on the southern slope is the Jewish cemetery of Bremke.

Geography

Location

The Eschenberg lies in the centre of the municipal area of Gleichen a good 1 km north of Bremke and 750 m east of Appenrode; the nearest settlements east of the Eschenberg are Gut Sennickerode (1.8 km) and Bischhausen (2.7 km east-southeast), 2 km north is Gelliehausen; these places belong to the municipality of Gleichen. Southern foothills of the mountain are called Laubberg, eastern foothills are called Hegerberg; about 1.2 km northwest are Gleichen. On the slope of the Eschenberg two ditches arise, which flow into the Wendebach in the southwest and the Bischhauser Bach, a tributary of the Garte, in the northeast.[2]

Natural classification

The Eschenberg is naturally classified in the main unit group Weser-Leine-Bergland (No. 37) and in the main unit Göttingen-Northeim Forest (373) to the subunit Reinhäuser Forest (373.2).[3]

Geology

Both the Eschenberg and the neighbouring Gleichen are witness mountains of shell limestone.[4] In the surrounding areas, this was eroded by weathering and water, so that soils of the Buntsandstein predominate in the lower-lying surrounding area today.

Nature and protected areas

The Eschenberg is located in the Leinebergland landscape conservation area (CDDA no. 322560; designated in 1986; 257.06 km² in size) and in the Unteres Eichsfeld bird sanctuary (VSG no. 4426-401; 137.1 km²).[2] In the upper part it is covered with lime beech forest, the herb layer was described as moderately species-rich. In some areas, a transition to orchid-beech forest has been described.[5]

Fortification

Inner rampart of the fortification (western part)

At the north-west corner of the relatively flat upland plateau compared to the upland flanks, there is a small section fortification consisting of two lines of fortifications, each consisting of an inner and outer rampart and intervening ditch. The ramparts and ditches are heavily abraded, but the inner fortification in particular is still clearly visible in the terrain. The difference in height between the top of the ramparts and the bottom of the ditches is still 0.80 to 1.0 m today,[6] maximum 1.30 meters.[7] The area enclosed by the inner fortification has an extension of only about 22 × 30 metres,[6] the total area is about 60 × 60 meters. The fortifications begin on the western slope of Ash Mountain, run first to the east and then turn to the north, where they run out on the hillside.[7] In this area, the mountain slopes to the west and north are so steep that there is no fortification there.

A reference of historical sources to the castle complex could not yet be established. According to Stefan Eismann, the site is considered to be Neolithic, with sherd finds from the 11th/12th century suggesting a renewed use in the High Middle Ages.[7] In addition to pottery finds, Klaus Grote also lists an iron knife from the High Medieval period as a reading find, as well as (without giving a date) half-timbered fire debris from parts of the ditches. Flint was found scattered over the entire hilltop and the southeast slope of the Eschenberg. According to this, he assumes that a hilltop settlement existed on the Eschenberg in the Neolithic period.[6] Accordingly, the fortification could have been built on the remains of the Stone Age settlement.[8]

In 1953, the site was surveyed.[7]

Transport links and hiking

South to southeast of the Eschenberg past the Gleichen is the narrow road “Haspel”, which leads from Bremke to Sennickerode. The mountain can be climbed on foot coming from this road.[7]

Web links

Commons: Eschenberg (Leinebergland)– Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

  • Entry by Stefan Eismann on Eschenberg near Bremke in the scientific database “EBIDAT” of the European Castle Institute

Individual references

  1. a b Topographic map showing Eschenberg (DTK 25: elevation according to elevation data; compare with contour lines in AK 5/2.5), on geolife.de
  2. a b Online maps with environmental reference of the Lower Saxony Ministry for Environment, Energy-building and Climate Protection. Various superimposable mappings. At www.umweltkarten-niedersachsen.de, retrieved April 7, 2020
  3. Hans-Jürgen Klink: Geographische Landesaufnahme: Die naturräumlichen Einheiten auf Blatt 112 Kassel. Federal Institute for Regional Geography, Bad Godesberg 1969. →Online map ( PDF; 6.9 MB)
  4. Eschenberg, retrieved 7 April 2020, from goettingerland.de
  5. Niedersächsisches Landesverwaltungsamt – Fachbehörde für Naturschutz – : Survey of areas of value for nature conservation in Lower Saxony. Mapping sheet Eschenberg. Download overview, map L4526 (Duderstadt).
  6. a b c Klaus Grote: The castle site on the Eschenberg. In: Guide to Archaeological Monuments in Germany, Volume 17: City and County of Göttingen, Konrad Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart 1988, ISBN 3-8062-0544-2, pp. 229-230.
  7. a b c d e Entry by Stefan Eismann on Eschenberg near Bremke in the scientific database “EBIDAT” of the European Castle Institute, retrieved on 7 April 2020.
  8. Entry for Eschenburg in the private database “All castles”.