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Enosburgh

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Enosburgh
Enosburgh Opera House
Enosburgh Opera House
Location in Vermont
Enosburgh (Vermont)
Enosburgh (44° 52′ 40,13″ N, 72° 45′ 2,74″W)
Enosburgh
Basic data
Foundation: 15. May 1780
State: United States
State: Vermont
County: Franklin County
Coordinates: 44° 53′ N, 72° 45′ WCoordinates 44° 53′ N, 72° 45′ W
Time Zone: Eastern (UTC-5/-4)
Residents: 2.781 (as of 2010)
Population Density: 22.1 Inhabitants per km²
Area: 126.2 km² (approx. 49 mi²)
of which 125.8 km² (approx. 49 mi²) land
Height: 228 m
Zip code: 05450
Area code: +1 802
FIPS: 50-24050
GNIS ID: 1462090
Website: www.enosburghvermont.org

Enosburgh[1] (ˈiːnəsbɜrɡ) is a Town in Franklin County in the U.S. state of Vermont with a population of 2781.[2]

Geography

Geographical location

Enosburgh is located on the middle reaches of the Missisquoi River, which empties into Lake Champlain about 20 miles to the west. In the eastern part of Franklin County. Missisquoi River flows west through the northern part of the Town. It has many small streams as tributaries. Centrally located are several smaller lakes, such as Adams Pond. The surface of the Town is slightly hilly, the highest elevation being Leach Hill.[3]

Neighboring communities

All distances are given as air-line distances between the official coordinates of the places from the 2010 census.[4]

  • North: Berkshire, 3.9 km
  • Northeast: Richford, 17.1 km
  • East: Montgomery, 16.2 km
  • South: Bakersfield, 4.4 km
  • Southwest: Fairfield, 19.9 km
  • West: Sheldon, 19.0 km
  • Northwest: Franklin, 17.1 km

City breakdown

The Town is divided into several settlement cores, the largest of which, the Village of Enosburg Falls, is built around some rapids in the river course and can boast several structures listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Other settlement areas include Bordoville, East Enosburgh, North Enosburgh, Samsonville, West Enosburgh, and Enosburgh Center.

Climate

Monthly average temperatures and precipitation for Enosburg Falls
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature(°C) −2,4 −1,3 4,5 12,4 19,8 24,4 26,8 25,6 21,5 15,1 7,1 −0,2 Ø 12,8
Min. temperature (°C) −15,1 −14,8 −7,9 −0,6 5,5 10,7 13,4 12,1 8,1 2,4 −2,9 −10,9 Ø 0,1
Precipitation(mm) 61 55 68 77 92 107 115 106 100 96 94 72 Σ 1043
Rainy days(d) 12 11 11 12 13 13 13 12 11 12 14 13 Σ 147
T
e
m
p
e
r
a
t
u
r
−2,4
−15,1
−1,3
−14,8
4,5
−7,9
12,4
−0,6
19,8
5,5
24,4
10,7
26,8
13,4
25,6
12,1
21,5
8,1
15,1
2,4
7,1
−2,9
−0,2
−10,9
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
N
i
e
d
e
r
s
c
h
l
a
g
61

55

68

77

92

107

115

106

100

96

94

72

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

The mean average temperature in Enosburgh ranges from -8.7 °C in January to 20.1 °C in July. This makes it about 0.5 degrees warmer than Vermont’s long-term average during the summer, while it is average during the winter months. Snowfall between October and May (with peaks of 54.4 cm, 56.9 cm, and 55.4 cm in December, January, and February, respectively) averages 2.5 meters, more than double the median snow depth in the United States. Daily sunshine duration is at the lower end of the U.S. value spectrum, and in some cases well below that in the period from September to December.[5]

History

Dr. B. J. Kendall Company

The Grant for Enosburgh was proclaimed on March 12, 1780 and awarded to General Roger Enos and others on May 15, 1780. The town was established in 1780 along with five other towns in the area (Berkshire, Richford, Montgomery, Wyllis – now Jay – and Westfield) to help generate expenses for the Vermont forces. Enosburgh was named for the Grant’s taker, General Roger Enos, who retired to private life here about 1775. Enos was the father-in-law of Ira Allen. Settlement began in 1797, and among the first settlers were Amos Fasett and Stephan House. The constituent meeting of the Town was held in 1798.

When Dr. B.J. Kendall established his equine clinic in Enosburgh for the cure of horses afflicted with spavin, the Town flourished.

Religions

Four different denominations are located in the town: The Baptists, the Episcopal Church, and the Roman Catholic Church are each represented by one congregation, and the Methodists by two (one each in Enosburgh Falls and West Enosburgh).

Population development

Census Results[6] – Town of Enosburgh, Vermont
Year 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890
Inhabitants 143 704 932 1560 2022 2009 2066 2077 2213 2299
Year 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990
Inhabitants 2054 2212 2231 2093 2082 2101 1966 1918 2070 2535
Year 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060 2070 2080 2090
Inhabitants 2788 2781

Economy and infrastructure

Traffic

Through the north of the Town, following the course of the Missisqoui River, Vermont Route 105 runs in a west-easterly direction from Richford to Sheldon. Vermont Route 108 runs north-south, from Berkshire in the north to Bakersfield in the south. They intersect in Enosburgh Falls. There is no Amtrak station in Enosburgh. The closest one is in St. Albans.

Public facilities

Besides the usual town facilities and a public library, Enosburgh has no public facilities. The nearest hospital is Northwestern Medical Center in Saint Albans.

Education

Enosburgh is part of the Franklin Northeast Supervisory Union with Bakersfield, Berkshire, Montgomery, and Richford.[7] Enosburgh Falls Elementary School offers grades from preschool through fifth grade.[8] Enosburg Falls Middle School offers secondary grades through eighth grade[9] and Enosburg Falls High School is the on-site secondary school.[10]

Larger colleges are found in Colchester and Winooski; the nearest location of a university is Burlington.

The Enosburgh Public Library is located on Main Street. The library building was constructed in 1983. The land on which the building was constructed was donated to the Town.[11]

Personalities

Sons and daughters of the city

  • John F. Follett (1831-1902), politician and member of the U.S. House of Representatives.

Personalities who have worked on site

  • Horace Eaton (1804-1855), governor of the state of Vermont. Worked here in his father’s medical practice.
  • Roger Enos (1729-1808), politician and general of the Vermont militia

Literature

  • Zadock Thompson: History of Vermont, natural, civil and statistical, in three parts. 3. Vol. Chauncey Goodrich, Burlington 1842, pp. 67 f.(limited preview in Google Book Search).
  • Abby Maria Hemenway: The Vermont historical Gazetteer. 2. Vol. Burlington 1870, pp. 132ff.(limited preview in Google Book Search).

Web links

Commons: Enosburgh, Vermont– Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual references

  1. Enosburgh in the Geographic Names Information System of the United States Geological Survey, retrieved March 17, 2012
  2. Population data from the 2010 US Census in the American Factfinder
  3. Leach Hill on Peakery.com@1@2Template:Dead link/peakery.com(page no longer available, search web archives ) Info: Thelink was automatically marked as broken. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice., retrieved May 7, 2017
  4. Index of /geo.In: census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
  5. Climate and labour market data at www.City-Data.com (English)
  6. Population 1800-2010 according to census results
  7. Franklin Northeast Supervisory Union, accessed May 7, 2017.
  8. Enosburg Falls Elementary School, retrieved May 7, 2017
  9. Enosburg Falls Middle School, retrieved May 7, 2017
  10. Enosburg Falls High School, retrieved May 7, 2017
  11. Enosburgh Public Library, retrieved 7 May 2017