Emil André

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Emil André (* March 1, 1790 in Schnepfenthal; † February 26, 1869 in Kisbér) was a German forester.


Emil André was born the son of the pedagogue and farmer Christian Karl André and the elder brother of the farmer Rudolf André. After studying forestry, he worked as a forester in the principality of Salm from 1807. Afterwards he joined the Austrian army in 1809, fought as a soldier against France and was promoted to officer. When the warlike conflict ended the next year, he returned to Salm as a forester. From 1812 to 1819 he was also forest officer to Prince Dietrichstein. Then he became chief forester in Blansko. Finally, in 1823, he became Inspector General for the estates of Prince Auersperg in Bohemia, Moravia, Austria, Carniola and Istria.

He held the office of Inspector General until 1825, when he began to publish the journal Ökonomische Neuigkeiten in Prague. He also became a forest inspector there, devoted himself to estimations and forest surveys. In 1830/1831 he administered the estates of Schichowitz and Rumerskirchen. In 1832 he leased some Maier farms and in 1836 he bought an estate in Prague, where he devoted himself to agriculture, especially to sheep breeding, and to his studies. From 1838 he administered the estates of Princes Odescalchi, Szolcsan, and Barthyanj. There he bred noble sheep and established beet sugar factories. In 1846/1847 he was editor of the Neue Ökonomische Zeitschrift in Vienna.

Emil André wrote several works on forestry that made him well-known. He also became known for publishing the Ökonomische Neuigkeiten (Economic News ). In his writings he outlined a new forestry method that was used in Bohemia and Moravia.

André was one of the first to use the term sustainability in the German language in the sense of long-term responsible management of a resource, in the title of his book Einfachste den höchsten Ertrag und die Nachhaltigkeit ganz sicher stellende Forstwirthschafts-Methode, published in Prague in 1832.[1]

Later André retired, which he spent in Kisbér. He died there on 26 February 1869 at the age of 78. He left behind a son of the same name, who worked in Moravia as a civil servant for cameralistics, also engaged in sheep breeding and wrote Breeding of the Noble Sheep with Highly Noble Wool (Prague 1840).


  • Emil André: Einfachste den höchsten Ertrag und die Nachhaltigkeit ganz sicher stellende Forstwirthschafts-Methode. M]ittelst einer auf Abschätzung, Schlageintheilung und Bewirtschaftungs-Plan gegründeten und allgemein faßlichen Forstbetriebs-Regulirung. Borrosch and André, Prague 1832(limited preview in Google Book Search [accessed 29 August 2019]).
  • The Most Excellent Means of Gaining a Higher Yield from the Forests, Prague 1826.
  • Versuch einer zeitgemäßen Forstorganisation, Prague 1824 (2nd edition 1830).
  • Cubic Tables, Vienna 1845.


  • Constantin von Wurzbach: André, Emil. In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich. 1.Part. Universitäts-Buchdruckerei L. C. Zamarski (formerly J. P. Sollinger), Vienna 1856, p. 36 (digital copy).
  • Georg Brückner, William Löbe: André, Christian Karl (collective article). In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Vol. 1, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1875, pp. 432-434.
  • Wilhelm Meinhold:André, Emil. In: New German Biography (NDB). Vol. 1, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1953, ISBN 3-428-00182-6, p. 276 (Digitalisat).
  • André, Emil. In: Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815-1950 (ÖBL). Vol. 1, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1957, p. 21.

Individual references

  1. Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon. 6. Edition. Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig/ Vienna 1909( [accessed 29 August 2019] encyclopedia entry “André, 3) Emil”).