Elisabeth von Sachsen (1830–1912)

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Elisabeth of Saxony as a child, lithograph by Sprinck

Elisabeth of Saxony

Princess Maria Elisabeth Maximiliana Ludovika Amalie Franziska Sophia Leopoldine Anna Baptista Xaveria Nepomucena of Saxony (* 4 February 1830 in Dresden; † 14 August 1912 in Stresa) was Princess of Savoy-Carignan and Duchess of Genoa by marriage.


Princess Elisabeth was the second daughter of King Johann I of Saxony (1801-1873) and his wife Princess Amalie Auguste of Bavaria (1801-1877). The latter was the fourth child from the second marriage of King Maximilian I Joseph to Princess Karoline Friederike Wilhelmine of Baden and the twin sister of Queen Elisabeth of Prussia. Elisabeth’s paternal grandparents were Prince Maximilian of Saxony and Princess Caroline of Bourbon-Parma.

On 22 April 1850 in Dresden, 20-year-old Maria Elisabeth Maximiliana married the Duke of Genoa, Prince Ferdinand Maria of Savoy-Carignan (1822-1855), second son of King Charles Albert of Sardinia-Piedmont and Princess Maria Theresa of Austria-Tuscany. The marriage produced two children:

  • Margaret (1851-1926) ⚭ 1868 King Umberto I of Italy (1844-1900)
  • Thomas Albert Viktor (1854-1931), 2nd Duke of Genoa
    ⚭ 1883 Princess Isabella of Bavaria (1863-1924)

Following the untimely death of her husband (10 February 1855), Elizabeth entered into a marriage not befitting her marital status with her chamberlain, the Italian nobleman Nicolò Giuseppe Effisio, Marchese Rapallo (1825-1882), as early as 4 October 1856 in Agliè. The couple married secretly before the official mourning period was over. This so angered Elizabeth’s brother-in-law, Victor Emmanuel II, that he effectively exiled her and forbade her to see her two children. However, they were later reunited. Elizabeth’s second marriage, described as not happy, remained childless. In 1882, her second husband committed suicide. In 1910, Elisabeth suffered a stroke, after which her health rapidly deteriorated. She died on 14 August 1912 at the age of 82 in Stresa on Lake Maggiore.[1]


Pedigree Elisabeth of Saxony

August III. (1696–1763)
⚭ 1719
Maria Josepha of Austria (1699-1757)

Charles VII. (1697–1745)
⚭ 1722
Maria Amalia of Austria (1701-1756)

Philip of Parma (1720-1765)
⚭ 1738
Marie Louise Élisabeth de Bourbon (1727-1759)

Franz I Stephan (1708-1765)
⚭ 1736
Maria Theresa (1717-1780)

Christian III of Palatinate-Zweibrücken (1674-1735)
⚭ 1719
Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1704-1774)

Joseph Karl of Palatinate-Sulzbach (1694-1729)
⚭ 1717
Elisabeth Auguste Sofie of the Palatinate (1693-1728)

Grand Duke
Karl Friedrich of Baden (1728-1811)
⚭ 1751
Karoline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt (1723-1783)

Ludwig IX (1719-1790)
⚭ 1741
Henriette Karoline of Palatinate-Zweibrücken (1721-1774)


Elector Friedrich Christian of Saxony (1722-1763)
⚭ 1747
Maria Antonia of Bavaria (1724-1780)

Duke Ferdinand of Bourbon (1751-1802)
⚭ 1769
Maria Amalia of Austria (1746-1804)

Frederick Michael of Palatinate-Birkenfeld (1724-1767)
⚭ 1746
Maria Franziska of Palatinate-Sulzbach (1724-1794)

Karl Ludwig of Baden (1755-1801)
⚭ 1774
Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1754-1832)


Maximilian of Saxony (1759-1838)
⚭ 1792
Caroline of Bourbon-Parma (1770-1804)

King Maximilian I Joseph (1756-1825)
⚭ 1797
Karoline of Baden (1776-1841)


King John of Saxony (1801-1873)
⚭ 1822
Amalie Auguste of Bavaria (1801-1877)

Elizabeth of Saxony


  • Jiří Louda, Michael MacLagan: Lines of Succession. Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe. Little, Brown and Company, London 1999, ISBN 0-316-84820-4.

Web links

Commons: Elizabeth of Saxony– Collection of images, videos and audio files


  1. Margherita’s Mother Dead, in: The New York Times, Rome, August 15, 1912