Edgar Tatarin-Tarnheyden

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Edgar Tatarin-Tarnheyden (* 23 January 1882 in Riga; † 30 December 1966 in Vaihingen an der Enz) was a German jurist.

Until 1915 he worked as a lawyer in Riga. In 1922 he habilitated in Marburg.[1] Probably in the same year he became a professor at the University of Rostock.[2] Since 1911 he was married to the Baltic German writer Jane von Klot.

Distancing himself from his New Kantian philosophical starting point, Tatarin-Tarnheyden was already increasingly anti-republican and anti-positivist during the Weimar period.[1] From 1933 he was, along with Carl Schmitt, one of the leading players in the Nazi discussion of the Nazi regime’s self-designation as a constitutional state. In 1941, after years of trying, he became a member of the NSDAP.[3][4]

In 1945, Tatarin-Tarnheyden fell into Soviet captivity and was sentenced to ten years of forced labor, which he spent in the Untermaßfeld prison, among other places; in 1954, he arrived in the Federal Republic.[1] Thus Tatarin-Tarnheyden – apart from Carl Schmitt’s and Otto Koellreutter’s brief imprisonments – was probably the only German constitutional law teacher who supported National Socialism to receive non-academic sanction for his National Socialist commitment.

His writings Werdendes Staatsrecht (Heymann, Berlin 1934) and Der Einfluß des Judentums in Staatsrecht und Staatslehre (Deutscher Rechts-Verlag, Berlin 1938) were placed on the list of literature to be eliminated in the Soviet Occupation Zone.[5]


  • Michael Stolleis: The History of Public Law in Germany. Vol. 3: Staats- und Verwaltungsrechtswissenschaft in Republik und Diktatur 1914-1945, Beck, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-406-37002-0, p. 291 (in fn. 288 and 289 naming three book and journal articles by Tatarin-Tarnheyden respectively) / A history of public law in Germany, 1914-1945, Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford 2004, ISBN 0-19-926936-X.
  • Christian Hilger: Rechtsstaatbegriffe im Dritten Reich. Eine Strukturanalyse (= Beiträge zur Rechtsgeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts, Vol. 39), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2003, esp. pp. 167-178, 240 (citing further essays); table of contents; ISBN 3-16-148057-0.
  • Martin Otto:Tatarin-Tarnheyden, Edgar. In: New German Biography (NDB). Vol. 25, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2013, ISBN 978-3-428-11206-7, pp. 794-796 (Digital copy).

Web links

Individual references

  1. a b c Michael Stolleis: The History of Public Law in Germany. Vol. 3: Staats- und Verwaltungsrechtswissenschaft in Republik und Diktatur 1914-1945, Beck, Munich 1999, p. 291.
  2. According to urn:nbn:de:gbv:28-diss2010-0049-2, p. XV, Tatarin-Tarnheyden lectured in Diss. jur. Rostock 1922-25, p. 107 f. on the 1923 dissertation of Ludwig Simonis, who came from Mecklenburg. This suggests that Tatarin-Tarnheyden was the supervisor of the dissertation and that the supervisory relationship for the dissertation completed in 1923 began in 1922 – and in Rostock.
  3. Mario Niemann: Mecklenburgischer Großgrundbesitz im Dritten Reich. Soziale Struktur, wirtschaftliche Stellung und politische Bedeutung (= Mitteldeutsche Forschungen, Vol. 116). Böhlau, Cologne et al. 2000, p. 241, footnote 24.
  4. Tatarin-Tarnheyden (until 1923 Tatarin), Edgar Adolf. On, retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. Transcript letter T, pages 414-423. Entries number 11802 and 11803. In: Deutsche Verwaltung für Volksbildung in der sowjetischen Besatzungszone, Liste der auszusondernden Literatur. Zentralverlag, Berlin 1946. database Schrift und Bild 1900-1960. on, retrieved 2 May 2021.