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Denominational distribution of the inhabitants of the city of Mainz

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The denominational distribution of the inhabitants of the city of Mainz reflects the development of the city in the religious aspect. But also the historical development is well readable from it.

Brief history

The city of Mainz was Catholic from the origin of Christian life in it, which can be dated as early as the 2nd century. Since 340 Mainz is proven to be a bishop’s seat, in 780/782 it became the seat of an archbishop. A Jewish community has existed in the city since the second half of the 10th century at the latest. The Reformation, which swept through Mainz in the 16th century, was initially hardly able to gain a foothold in the city; Protestant residents only existed for a short time during the invasions during the Schmalkaldic War and the Thirty Years’ War. It was not until the beginning of the 19th century that the situation changed; since then Protestantism has grown strongly, initially in the form of the Evangelical Regional Church, and later also in the form of various free churches. Other religious communities have also joined in; in this context, particular reference should be made to Islam in its various forms, which has gained considerable weight since the second half of the 20th century.

More details can be found under religious history in the main article about the city.

Statistics since 1800

Diagram 1800-2012

Graph of the statistics below, percentages

Confession statistics

Denominational or religious affiliations in Mainz[1]
Year Total Catholics in % Protestants in % Jews in % none /
not specified /
Other
in %
1800 21.200 18.850 89,0 750 3,5 1.600 7,5
1816 25.251 22.066 87,4 1576 6,2 1606 6,4 3 0,01
1824 28.409 23.880 84,1 2892 10,2 1.633 5,7 4 0,01
1834 31.535 26.399 83,7 3388 10,7 1.740 5,5 8 0,03
1840 32.142 25.562 79,6 4813 14,9 1.756 5,5 11 0,03
1846 36.656 28.529 77,9 5943 16,2 2.134 5,9 50 0,1
1852 35.140 27.633 78,4 5037 14,3 2.128 6,0 342 1,0
1852 36.741 28.823 78,4 5317 14,5 2.125 5,8 476 1,3
1871 60.837 39.706 65,3 17.483 28,7 3.064 5,0 584 1,0
1895 76.566 46.100 60,2 26.930 35,2 3.166 4,1 370 0,5
1900 84.251 49.414 58,6 31.151 37,0 3.104 3,7 580 0,7
1905 106.338 63.001 59,2 39.418 37,1 3.101 2,9 818 0,8
1925 108.537 65.914 60,7 37.053 34,1 2.738 2,5 2.832 2,6
1933 142.627 80.777 56,6 51.937 36,4 2.609 1,8 7.304 5,2
1946 75.020 46.006 61,3 23.764 31,7 59 0,08 5.191 6,9
1961 134.375 71.904 53,5 54.335 40,4 130 0,09 8.136 6,1
1970 172.195 94.394 54,8 64.941 37,7 142 0,1 12.781 7,4
1987 172.529 87.986 51,0 54.952 31,9 162 0,09 29.591 17,1
1997 200.392 87.367 43,6 53.254 26,6 203 0,1 59.568 29,7
1998 200.934 86.727 43,2 52.866 26,3 k. A. k. A. 61.341 30,5
1999 199.047 84.497 42,5 52.157 26,2 k. A. k. A. 62.393 31,3
2000 198.055 82.990 41,9 51.668 26,1 k. A. k. A. 63.397 32,0
2001 199.959 82.473 41,2 51.397 25,7 k. A. k. A. 66.089 33,1
2002 202.441 82.227 40,6 51.506 25,4 k. A. k. A. 68.708 33,9
2003 203.794 81.792 40,1 51.234 25,1 k. A. k. A. 70.768 34,7
2004 202.563 80.423 39,7 50.543 25,0 k. A. k. A. 71.597 35,3
2005 197.041 77.673 39,4 48.471 24,6 k. A. k. A. 70.897 36,0
2006 198.501 77.641 39,1 48.529 24,4 k. A. k. A. 72.331 36,4
2007 200.133 77.398 38,7 48.481 24,2 k. A. k. A. 74.254 37,1
2008 199.183 76.378 38,3 47.905 24,1 k. A. k. A. 74.900 37,6
2009 199.752 75.827 38,0 47.905 24,0 k. A. k. A. 76.020 38,1
2010 201.425 75.349 37,4 47.888 23,8 k. A. k. A. 78.188 38,8
2011 203.041 75.084 37,0 47.623 23,5 k. A. k. A. 80.334 39,6
2012 204.846 74.774 36,5 47.372 23,1 k. A. k. A. 82.700 40,4
2013 206.628 74.164 35,9 46.801 22,6 k. A. k. A. 85.663 41,5
2014 209.402 73.671 35,2 46.257 22,1 k. A. k. A. 89.475 42,7
2015 [2] 73.333 34,5 45.666 21,5 k. A. k. A. 93.349 44,0
2016 72.930 33,7 45.362 21,0 k. A. k. A. 97.802 45,3
2017 72.251 33,2 45.006 20,7 k. A. k. A. 100.585 46,2
2018 70.591 32,5 43.974 20,3 k. A. k. A. . 47,2[3][4]
2019 218.353 69.347 31,8 43.517 19,9 k. A. k. A. . 48,3[5]
2020 217.017 66.944 30,8 42.421 19,5 k. A. k. A. 107.652 49,6 [6]

k. A. = no information available in source, number of members of the Jewish community included in the category none / no information / other (see below).

Data on the municipalities whose members are listed under no information or others

The following numbers of members may, in addition, be mentioned for the following congregations[Note 1]:

  • Bahá’í
    • o. J.: Bahá’ís have been living in Mainzsince the seventies. Today the community in Mainz has members from 12 nations, about 50 people, from toddlers to pensioners, all generations are represented.[7]
  • enChristo
    • o. J.: approx. 200 worshipers, plus 60 children[8]
  • Evangelical Free Church congregation (Baptists)
    • 1886: 22[9]
    • 1893: 28
    • 1921: 39
    • In 1944 the church work in Mainz came to a standstill and was not resumed until 1951.
    • 1967: 189
    • 2009: 188[10]
    • 2011: 191
    • 2016: 244[11]
  • Free Evangelical Congregation
    • o. J.: ca. 170[12]
  • Islam[13]
    • 2002: approx. 15,000 in 15 mosque associations[14]
    • 2018: There are reportedly about 2758 Muslims attending Friday prayers at 11 mosques.[15]
  • Jewish community[16] (For data from 1800 – 1997 see above)
    • before 1096 and before 1349: each over 1,000
    • In the 15th century there were several expulsions (1438, 1462, 1471 and finally 1483).
    • In1410 there were about 20 Jewish households, in 1432 14.
    • 1460: about 110 to 120
    • 2005: approx. 1000
    • 2012: 1027
  • New Apostolic Church[17]:
    • 1897, January: 39
    • 1897, March: over 100
    • 1939: 226
    • 1956: 234
    • 1966: 407
    • 2018: about 500[18] For the congregation in the district of Mainz-Kostheim, which belongs to Wiesbaden, about 70 members are mentioned who attend the services on Sunday mornings and Wednesday evenings[19]

Other municipalities

No membership figures are known for the following congregations and communities:

  • Buddhist Centre Mainz[20]
  • Christian Community: the congregation existed at least since 1938.[21] The small congregation was dissolved in March 2016.[22]
  • Free Baptist Church of Mainz[23], founded in 2020.[24]
  • Freireligiöse Gemeinde Mainz (since 1847)[25]
  • Jehovah’s Witnesses (Six congregations, two of which are non-German-speaking)[26]

See also

  • Population development of Mainz

Source

  • Mainz – The History of the City; ed.: Franz Dumont, Ferdinand Scherf, Friedrich Schütz; 2nd ed.; Verlag Philipp von Zabern, Mainz 1999

Notes

  1. These are membership figures for congregations based in Mainz. Not all of these members must also be registered in Mainz, just as persons registered in Mainz can also maintain their membership in another congregation of the corresponding religious community or in a religious community that is not represented in Mainz itself.

Individual references

  1. Statistical information on urban development(Memento of 4 January 2015 in the Internet Archive), retrieved on 1 February 2015
  2. Mainz Statistical Information 2017 Table 1.10 Retrieved 1 July 2019
  3. Urban Development Statistical Information 2018 Table 1.10 Resident population by religious affiliation since 1980, retrieved January 21, 2020
  4. City of Mainz Municipal Statistics Religious Affiliation Cut-off date: 31.12.2018, retrieved on 14 February 2021
  5. Stadt Mainz Gemeindedestatistik Religionszugehörigkeit Stichtag: 31.12.2019, retrieved on Jan. 21, 2020
  6. City of Mainz Municipal Statistics Religious Affiliation Reporting date: 31.12.2020, retrieved on 2 January 2021
  7. Who we are, on mainz.bahai.de, read on 23 July 2020; in 2018 no corresponding information could be found, cf. Herzlich willkommen auf der Homepage der Mainzer Bahá’í Gemeinde(Memento vom 20. März 2018 im Internet Archive), on mainz.bahai.de, read on 19 March 2018.
  8. Worship.Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  9. Data for 1886 – 1967: Chronicle of the congregation of Mainz, in: Festschrift zur Einweihung der Kreuzkirche. 13. September 1998, Mainz o. J. [1998], S. 8–11
  10. 2009 and 2011: http://www.baptisten-mainz.de/?s=statistik, read September 4, 2011, no longer accessible on March 18, 2018.
  11. Yearbook of the Federation of Evangelical Free Churches 2017/18, p. 132.
  12. General information about the Free Evangelical Church. Retrieved February 15, 2021. , from.de
  13. Belonging to Islam is not necessarily linked to formal membership in a mosque association or the like
  14. Muslims in Mainz(Memento of 19 July 2011 in the Internet Archive), on philippus-mainz.de, read 4 September 2011
  15. Mosques in Mainz, on .moscheesuche.de,read on 20 March 2018. 11 mosques are listed here, including one in the Wiesbaden district of Mainz-Kostheim.
  16. On the history of the Jewish community, at alemannia-judaica.de, read on 27 February 2018.
  17. For 1897-1966 according to New Apostolic Church District Mainz(Memento of 30 August 2011 in the Internet Archive), on nac-mgemnowa.org, retrieved 4 September 2011
  18. A small portrait of our community(Memento of March 22, 2019 in the Internet Archive), on nak-bezirk-mainz.de, read at March 19, 2018.
  19. Welcome to the municipality of Mainz-Kostheim(Memento of March 22, 2019 in the Internet Archive), on nak-bezirk-mainz.de, retrieved March 19, 2018.
  20. Buddhist Centre Mainz-Wiesbaden, on diamantweg-buddhismus.de, retrieved 15 February 2021
  21. Claudia Becker, Attempts at religious renewal in modernity using the example of the Protestant theologian Friedrich Rittelmeyer (1872-1938), Diss., Berlin 2001, p. 250 note 1535.
  22. Information from the Regions. Events – Finances – Plans, , No. 73, Michaelmas 2016, p. 1, on 25 March 2018., at christengemeenschap.nl
  23. Cf. https://freiebaptisten-mainz. de/, accessed April 18, 2021. The church is affiliated with the Conference for Church Planting, cf. https://kfg. org/gemeinden/freie-baptisten-gemeinde-mainz/, accessed April 19, 2021.
  24. Cf. https://mainz. de/verzeichnisse/vereinsverzeichnis/freie-baptistengemeinde-mainz-e.v.vereine.php, read on 19 April 2021.
  25. Freireligiöse Gemeinde Mainz, on fgmz.de, read 19 March 2018.
  26. Jehovah’s Witnesses Mainz, on mainz.de, read 19 March 2018.