Christa Colliery

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Christa Colliery
General information about the mine
Other names Finefrau Colliery
Christa I Colliery
Christa II Colliery
Christa III Colliery
Funding/year max. 3402 t
Information on the mining company
Operating company 3 small mines
Employees 5–8
Start of operation 1949
End of operation 1965
Raw materials extracted
Degradation of Hard coal
Geographical position
Coordinates 51° 24′ 57.1″ N, 7° 18′ 34.1″ ECoordinates 51° 24′ 57.1″ N, 7° 18′ 34.1″ O
Zeche Christa (Regionalverband Ruhr)
Zeche Christa
Location Christa Colliery
Location Forewood
Community Witten
County (NUTS3) Ennepe-Ruhr district
Country Land North Rhine-Westfalia
State Germany
Precinct Ruhr Valley

A total of three small collieries are known under the name Christa colliery in North Rhine-Westphalia. These three collieries were operated, partly at the same time, in the Vormholz district of Witten. They were the Christa I, Christa II and Christa III collieries. The highest production was reached by the Christa II colliery in 1960. The collieries originated from a renaming of the coal seam Finefrau.[1]


The beginnings as a Finefrau seam

The owner of this small colliery was Erich Benken, the colliery was located south of Berghauser Straße in the Maximus mine field.[2] On March 1, 1949 the colliery was put into operation. In 1950 the colliery was out of operation from March to November, during the rest of the time 199 tons of hard coal were produced with five miners. In 1951 14 miners were employed at the colliery, 1013 tons of hard coal were produced.[1] In 1955 Willi Decker took over the management of the mine.[2] In 1955 1099 tons of hard coal were produced with eight miners. The last known production and workforce figures of the colliery are from the year 1956. With eight miners the maximum production of the colliery was achieved, it was 2847 tons of hard coal.[1] In the following year the colliery was renamed Christa colliery.[2]

The further years as Christa

The owner of the three small mines with the name Christa (I-III) was at first still Erich Benken, a little later then the company Willi Decker & Co on.[1] The mining took place in the Muttental near the Oberste-Berghaus.[2] Up to a depth of 20 metres, the former safety zone, hard coal was mined in the Geitling seam.[1] The Christa small mines moved forward in a westerly direction, following the course of the seam.[2] The mine water was discharged via the St. Johannes Erbstollen. The surface installations and the shafts followed the mining progress. It can be assumed that the miners worked at the collieries, some of which were operated at the same time, according to demand.[1]

Christa I

Christa I colliery was in operation from the year 1957. In the first year 665 tons of hard coal were produced with seven miners. In 1959 the Christa I and Christa II collieries together produced 2534 tons of hard coal with six miners. In 1960 Christa I colliery was closed down.[1]

Christa II

The Christa II colliery was also in operation from 1957 and was located on Berghauser Straße. In the year it was put into operation 1182 tons of hard coal were already produced. In 1960 2352 tons of hard coal were produced with five miners. The maximum production was reached in 1964, when 3402 tons of hard coal were produced with eight miners. On April 30th 1965 Christa II colliery was closed down.[1]

Christa III

Very little is reported about Christa III colliery, it was in operation from the year 1958 and was closed down on June 25, 1965.[1]

Individual references

  1. a b c d e f g h i
    Joachim Huske: Die Steinkohlenzechen im Ruhrrevier. Data and facts from the beginnings to 2005 (= Publications from the German Mining Museum Bochum 144). 3. Revised and extended edition. Self-published by the German Mining Museum, Bochum 2006, ISBN 3-937203-24-9.
  2. a b c d e
    Gerhard Koetter (ed.): Bergbau im Muttental. 1. Auflage, Druckstatt Wöhrle, Witten 2001, ISBN 3-00-008659-5.