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Burgstetten

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Coat of arms Map of Germany
Wappen der Gemeinde Burgstetten
Burgstetten

Deutschlandkarte, Position der Gemeinde Burgstetten hervorgehoben

Coordinates 48° 56′ N, 9° 22′ E

Basic data
State: Baden-Württemberg
Government District: Stuttgart
County: Rems-Murr-Kreis
Height: 254 m above sea level
Area: 10.29 km2
Residents: 3628[31 Dec, 2019][1]
Population Density: 353 Inhabitants per km2
Zip code: 71576
Area code: 07191
License plate: WN, BK
Municipal Code: 08 1 19 018
Address of
Local government:
Rathausstraße 18
71576 Burgstetten
Website: www.burgstetten.de
Mayor: Irmtraud Wiedersatz (independent)
Location of the municipality of Burgstetten in the Rems-Murr district

Burgstetten is a municipality in the Rems-Murr district in Baden-Württemberg. It is part of the Stuttgart Region (until 1992 the Mittlerer Neckar Region) and the fringe of the European metropolitan region of Stuttgart. The seat of the municipal administration is in Burgstall.

Geography

Geographical position

Burgstetten is situated in the Murrtal at an altitude of 212 to 321 metres.

Community structure

The municipality of Burgstetten with the districts of Burgstall and Erbstetten consists of the following villages, hamlets and residential places. To Burgstall belong the village Burgstall and the residential place Neumühle. Erbstetten includes the village of Erbstetten and the hamlet of Kirschenhardthof.[2]

Floor space allocation

According to data from the State Statistical Office, as of 2014.[3]

History

Municipal Merger

The municipality of Burgstetten was created on 1 August 1971 in the course of the municipal reform in Baden-Württemberg by the merger of the two previously independent municipalities of Burgstall an der Murr and Erbstetten.[4] The district Kirschenhardthof already belonged to Erbstetten since 1882. The name Burgstall an der Murr was added on December 7, 1964. In 1973, the district reform in Baden-Württemberg took place, in which the municipality of Burgstetten came from the dissolved Backnang district to the new Rems-Murr district.

Burgstall an der Murr

Wappen Burgstall an der Murr.png

Burgstall was first mentioned in a document in 1301. The name can probably be traced back to a fortified complex in Roman times or to a medieval castle. The village was originally divided between Württemberg and the Backnang monastery before Württemberg took possession of the entire village by exchange in 1453 and incorporated it into the Marbach office. During the reorganization of the young Kingdom of Württemberg at the beginning of the 19th century, the affiliation of Burgstall to the Oberamt Marbach remained. During the district reform in Württemberg during the Nazi era, Burgstall became part of the Backnang district in 1938

Erbstetten

Wappen Erbstetten.png

Erbstetten was first mentioned in documents in 794 on the occasion of a donation to the Lorsch Monastery in the Lorsch Codex as Stetin.[5] In the 13th century, the Esslingen hospital and the Backnang monastery had estates and rights, which were acquired by Württemberg in 1453. Erbstetten belonged to the Oberamt Marbach until 1938, then to the district of Backnang. The local coat of arms shows in blue an eye with golden eyelashes and a blue iris

A church was first mentioned in Erbstetten as early as 1287. Via the Counts of Löwenstein it came to the monastery of Lichtenstern. In 1474 the late Gothic choir tower church was altered. The choir has a net-ribbed vault, the north chapel from 1568 is cross-ribbed. In 1584 the now Protestant church was called Laurentiuskirche. The nave was extended to the north and west in 1607 and 1621, a west and north gallery with alignment also of the parterre pews with the pulpit on the south wall was added to form a transverse church, and the church as a whole was renovated in 1864, in 1936 by architect Werner Klatte, and in 1956 ff.[6] The baptismal font and the altar cross are late Gothic. A bell of the church was cast in 1503 by Pantlion Sydler from Esslingen. The parish also has a parish hall. Until 1939 the parish of Erbstetten belonged to the church district of Marbach. Effective April 1, 1939, it was reorganized into the Backnang church district.

Post-war development

From 1945 to 1952, Burgstall and Erbstetten belonged to the post-war state of Württemberg-Baden, which had been founded in 1945 in the American occupation zone. In 1952, the municipalities became part of the new federal state of Baden-Württemberg.

Population development

These are population figures according to the respective territorial status. The figures are census results (¹) or official updates of the State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg[7][8] (only main residences).

Year Inhabitants
1. December 1871 ¹ 1147
1. December 1880 ¹ 1247
1. December 1890 ¹ 1282
1. December 1900 ¹ 1244
1. December 1910 ¹ 1243
16. June 1925 ¹ 1248
16. June 1933 ¹ 1327
17. May 1939 ¹ 1388
13. September 1950 ¹ 1880
6. June 1961 ¹ 2262
Year Inhabitants
27. May 1970 ¹ 2656
31. December 1980 2959
25. May 1987 ¹ 2939
31. December 1990 2989
31. December 1995 3234
31. December 2000 3358
31. December 2005 3406
31. December 2010 3390
31. December 2015 3635

Politics

Local Council

The municipal council in Burgstetten has 12 members. The municipal council consists of the elected honorary municipal councillors and the mayor as chairwoman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council. The municipal election on 26 May 2019 resulted in the following final result:

Parties and Voters’ Associations %
2019
Seats
2019
%
2014
Seats
2014
Local elections 2019
%
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
54,66 %
45,34 %
FW
BV
Gains/losses
compared to 2014
%p
4
2
0
-2
-4
+3,12 %p
−3,12 %p
FW
BV
FWV Free voters association Burgstetten 54.66 7 51.54 6
BV Burgstetten Civic Association 45,34 5 48,46 6
total 100,0 12 100,0 12
Voter turnout 64,52 % 56,1 %

Mayor

  • 1960-1979: Erich Schneider
  • 1979-1995: Hans-Ulrich Stäbler
  • since 1995: Irmtraud Wiedersatz

Economy and infrastructure

Burgstetten, Burgstall (Murr)

Burgstall 1683/1685 in Kieser’s forest stock book

Erbstetten 1683/1685 in Kieser’s forest stock book

Traffic

Burgstetten belongs to the transport and tariff association Stuttgart. The station Burgstall (Murr) is located on the small Murrbahn Marbach am Neckar-Backnang. With the opening of the extension of the S-Bahn line 4 between Marbach and Backnang on 8 December 2012, the community is connected to the Stuttgart S-Bahn network.

Line 455 of the FMO also offers a bus connection to Backnang.

The nearest federal highway is the B 14, which runs about five kilometers east of Burgstetten. The nearest motorway junction is Pleidelsheim on the Bundesautobahn 81, about 15 kilometres to the west.

Personalities

Sons and daughters of the community

  • Christoph Friedrich Schott (* 1720 in Erbstetten; † 1775), librarian and professor at the University of Tübingen.
  • Siegfried Krauter (* 1941 in Erbstetten), mathematics didactician and university lecturer

Web links

Commons: Burgstetten– Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual references

  1. Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg – Population by nationality and sex on 31 December 2019 (CSV file) (help on this).
  2. The State of Baden-Württemberg. Official description according to districts and municipalities. Volume III: Regierungsbezirk Stuttgart, Regionalverband Mittlerer Neckar. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004758-2. pp. 511-512
  3. State Statistical Office, area since 1988 by actual use for Burgstetten.
  4. Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historisches Gemeindeverzeichnis für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Name, boundary and key number changes in municipalities, districts and administrative districts from 27.5.1970 to 31.12.1982. W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart/Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1, p. 446.
  5. Minst, Karl Josef [transl.]:Lorsch Codex (Vol. 5), Document 3057, 19 October 794 – Reg. 2488.In: Heidelberghistorical holdings – digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 201,accessed 16 April 2018.
  6. Kurt Schaal: Laurentiuskirche Erbstetten; ed. Evangelische Kirchengemeinde Erbstetten; Burgstetten 1980
  7. Population development in Baden-Württemberg from 1871 to 2012@1@2Template:Dead link/www.statistik.baden-wuerttemberg.de(Page no longer available, search in web archives )
  8. From 3 to 11 million!Retrieved October 4, 2018.