Article

Read

Bernd Grönwald

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Bernd Grönwald (* 25 February 1942 in Leipzig; † 28 January 1991 in Weimar) was a German architect, architectural theorist and historian, and university lecturer active in the GDR.

Bernd Grönwald

Activities (overview)

Bernd Grönwald was regarded[1] in the second half of the 1980s as a leading architectural scholar of the GDR in the field of theory and history as well as socialist urbanism. He gained an international reputation as a scientist and expert, university lecturer, and vice-president and director of the Institute for Urban Planning and Architecture of the Bauakademie of the GDR. He was partly in charge of theoretical and practical work on the history of the Bauhaus as well as on the further development of architecture and urban planning in the GDR, pursued scientific work on Marxist-Leninist cultural and art studies and on architectural and environmental development in the developed socialist society. He was active in the Association of Architects of the GDR, as a member of the Social Council of the Weimar University of Architecture and Building (HAB), as a member of the Scientific Council of the Building Academy of the GDR, as a member of the Scientific Advisory Council for Civil Engineering/Architecture at the Ministry for Higher Education and Technical Education of the GDR, and as Chairman of the Editorial Advisory Council of the magazine “Architektur der DDR” (from 12 January 1987). Together with Christian Schädlich, he initiated the International Bauhaus Colloquia in Weimar and also the “Hannes Meyer Design Seminar” (1982-1986, leading from 1983; projects with architects from the Finnish architects’ association SAFA)[2], the “1st Ferdinand Kramer Seminar for Designers and Architects” and the international seminar “Biostrategies for Construction” (from 1986).
The fields of work and activity as a scientist and architect include contributions to the

  • Development of spatial long-span constructions for lightweight metal construction (1960s)
  • Theory and practice of environmental design (1970s)[3]
  • Foundational work of Marxist-Leninist architectural theory (1970s)[4]
  • History of modern architecture, especially the Bauhaus in connection with the reopening of the Bauhaus Dessau (1970s/1980s)[5]

as well as

  • Reproductive Aspects in Socialist Urbanism (from 1986).[6]

Life

Childhood and youth

Bernd Grönwald (1959)

Bernd Grönwald was the only son of Ernst Grönwald, an engraver and former Social Democratic labor athlete, and Helga Grönwald, née Mädicke, a bank clerk. The family enabled him to attend a folk music school as well as the Humboldt-Oberschule in Leipzig (elementary school graduation in 1956, average 1.08) until he graduated from high school in 1960 (very good). At the same time he was actively involved in competitive sports as a track and field athlete. Parents and school encouraged active social work at an early stage, which was reflected, for example, in his delegation to the pioneer republic Wilhelm Pieck in 1954. It played an important role in the further development in connection with the professional training.[7] In the years 1960-1962 B. Grönwald did a one and a half year military service in a motorized rifle regiment of the then still voluntary NVA on a T-34 and at the same time joined the SED after appropriate candidacy in 1961.[8] He left the military service as a private, in 1971 he was appointed first lieutenant of the reserve.

Study

After working briefly as an unskilled worker in construction practice at VEB Bau-Union Leipzig/Eilenburg, he began studying architecture at the Weimar College of Architecture and Construction (HAB) in September 1962. Through his marriage to his wife Marlis in the same year, a close contact to the Mehler-Rülicke family developed. An intensive exchange of ideas developed with Käthe Rülicke in the intellectual environment of the Berlin Ensemble, which shaped the young student politically and analytically-critically.
During his studies, he worked as an assistant lecturer at the chairs of interior design (Horst Michel) and statics and strength of materials (Siegried Speer) and was supported by a Wilhelm Pieck scholarship in 1965. In the second year of his studies in 1963, an internship measuring buildings in danger of demolition in Quedlinburg shaped Grönwald’s basic understanding of monument preservation in a lasting way.[9] After deepening his knowledge, he completed his diploma in 1967 in the field of production buildings. As early as the third year of his studies, B. Grönwald took on an independent teaching position as an assistant lecturer, leading seminars in technical mechanics, statics and strength of materials. After his studies he was employed as a scientific assistant in the department of structural engineering and load-bearing systems at the HAB, which was newly formed after the university reform at that time. Initially, he was assigned practical design and project planning tasks such as for a social building of the VEB Büromaschinenwerk Sömmerda and for the construction of an experimental and laboratory building (project Central Laboratory of the HAB Weimar) and for the use of spatial beam structures in the design of buildings in agriculture and industry. Between 1968 and 1971, he also worked on four research contracts related to engineering theory, which were awarded to him on the one hand by the Bauakademie der DDR/Institut für Industriebau and on the other hand by the MLK Leipzig and the VEB Lapro-Potsdam with two contracts. Some of the results were published and, in dealing with problems of lightweight metal construction and its application, led directly to practical realization and, as fundamental work, to the realization of the doctorate A.

PhD

The dissertation with doctorate (Dr.-Ing.) on the application of spatially supporting lightweight metal structures in the scientific field of “production construction”, written in collective work with Dagmar Seyfarth (title: “The application of selected systems of lightweight metal construction for the building categories of agriculture and food industry”) was completed in 1971. The employment, which in the meantime was held as a senior assistant, was thus terminated. This was followed by intensive teaching activities with lectures and seminars in the subjects of structural systems, statics and strength theory as well as building structures and architectural theory in the fields of architecture and urban planning. As head of a working group B. Grönwald pushed extensive conceptual work on the re-profiling of architectural and urban planning education at the Weimar HAB, which also had an impact on the development of higher education pedagogy in the early 1970s.[10] These resulted, among other things, in the formation of the sections Architecture[11] as well as area planning and urban development with corresponding curricula.[12] Accepted into the Association of Architects of the GDR (BdA) in 1976, Bernd Grönwald produced a cultural sociological study at the Institute for Cultural and Art Sciences of the Academy of Social Sciences in Berlin between 1974 and 1977 as part of an extracurricular aspirancy and received his doctorate in 1977. The content of this research focused on the work process in relation to the development of cultural needs in the working class as well as the demands on the working environment, and was carried out in close collaboration with Finnish, Swedish and Soviet colleagues. Practically or empirically, this work was linked with previous investigations in planning for the textile combine Leinefelde and the reorganization of production and the plant of the VEB Automobilwerke Zwickau.[13] Both focal points of his work shaped Grönwald’s scientific development until 1979 and resulted in numerous publications at home and abroad, planning bases, and scientific follow-up work. Due to changes in the state plans, however, the projects in Zwickau were not implemented, which he regarded as a fateful mistake.

Weimar

Opening of the exhibition cabinet in the Haus Am Horn on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Bauhaus exhibition in 1973 (from left to right: Lilo and Konrad Püschel, Christian Schädlich, Bernd Grönwald)

In 1971, his retirement in the field of theory and history of architecture at the HAB gave him the opportunity to obtain a teaching position for architectural theory that corresponded to Grönwald’s fields of interest. In 1971, at the same time as this teaching assignment, he was offered the elective position of secretary of the party organization of the SED at the HAB, which he held until 1978. He gave up this position of his own accord in 1978 and declined further offers for full-time positions in the following period in order to devote himself to his professional work and, above all, to the training of architects. B. Grönwald rebuilt the teaching area he took over in 1971. Grönwald rebuilt the teaching area he took over in 1971 for over a decade and, after learning about the history of the Bauhaus and modernism autodidactically, initiated a research project on the history of the Bauhaus in 1973, in which he played a significant role.

With the establishment of a research group in Weimar, it was possible to establish contacts with many former Bauhäusler. Intensive correspondence and lasting friendships developed, for example, with Max Bill[14], Peter Keler, Ferdinand Kramer, Georg Muche[15]Richard Paulick, Margaretha Reichardt, Konrad Püschel and[16]Konrad Püschel and many others.[17] Parallel contributions of social science research to the planning and implementation of measures for the development of socialist work culture in industry were put into practice.[18]

Bauhaus/Weimar and Dessau

After the reconstruction of the model house Am Horn, which was built by the Bauhaus in 1923, which was carried out to a large extent in own work, the elaboration of the monument preservation objectives for the handling of the building and the establishment of a small Bauhaus exhibition on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the opening of the 1st Bauhaus exhibition (1973, redesigned in 1986)[19] after intensive public relations work, including numerous lectures on the progressive heritage of the Bauhaus (Urania), it was finally possible in 1976 to induce the government and political leadership of the GDR at the time, by means of a study, to repeal the fundamentally wrong resolutions condemning the Bauhaus from the 1950s by means of a resolution of the secretariat of the CC of the SED of 7 April 1976 and a subsequent resolution of the Council of Ministers of the GDR.[20] As a result, international Bauhaus colloquia could be held in Weimar and the Bauhaus Dessau was initially reconstructed (1976) and reopened in 1986.[21] B. Grönwald was a permanent member of the Bauhaus Research Working Group. Grönwald was a permanent member of the Bauhaus Research Working Group and played a decisive role in the very contradictory process surrounding the revival of the Bauhaus Dessau and the reception of the Bauhaus in the GDR. He brought a great deal of his own energy and achievement to bear both in the preservation of historical monuments and in historical research and conceptual work on the appropriation of the Bauhaus heritage for the present and the future. Appointed professor of architectural theory at the Weimar HAB in 1979, B. Grönwald was appointed to the post of professor after severely obstructing the reopening of the Bauhaus in Dessau at the end of the 1970s[22] after the presentation of a joint conception on the future use of the Bauhaus Dessau by the Ministers of Construction, Higher and Technical Education and Culture, the heads of the Office for Industrial Design (AiF) and the Chairman of the Council of the District of Halle on 3 December 1980. The Bauakademie and the then Ministry for Higher Education and Technical Education were commissioned to prepare the re-establishment of a new institution “Bauhaus Dessau” as a “Centre for Design” with working groups for urban planning and architecture, product and environmental design, fine arts, cultural and public relations work as well as scientific documentation and collections.[23] He carried out this task, which bundled the conceptual work for the development of the scientific-productive directorate areas of the Bauhaus Dessau in a fee contract, at the same time as working as the director of the architecture section at the HAB Weimar (1980-1986).[24] It offered him a variety of opportunities to combine and implement teaching, further education and research – remarkably, diploma students supervised by him won prizes in the UIA competition of international architecture colleges three times.[25] Within the framework of a design competition for the Schiller Museum in Weimar in 1981, he was able to oblige all the academic departments of the Architecture Section of the HAB to participate, thus paving the way for a comparison of the most diverse approaches and an intensive discussion of the concept and content of one of the few new museum buildings in the GDR. By the time the building was completed in 1988, however, concepts and participations had become complexly interwoven.[26]

Bauakademie/Berlin

Bernd Grönwald and Georg Muche 1983 in the house Am Horn

In addition to these individual initiatives, B. Grönwald led projects or topics of basic research, which increasingly dealt with the interrelationship of environment – man and architecture and created the scientific basis for him to follow a call to the Bauakademie of the GDR in Berlin on February 1 and May 1, 1986, respectively. In Berlin, intensive discussions on these topics led to close contact with the former director of the Institute for Urban Planning and Architecture and his predecessor Hermann Henselmann, which was supported by continued exchange with Käthe Rülicke. The full professorship for architectural theory in Weimar was converted into an honorary professorship for architectural theory at the HAB.[27] Until then, the university’s activities offered many opportunities to hold guest lectures abroad and to establish and expand partner relationships with universities abroad, which led to contracts between the HAB and them. This concerned in particular universities in the Soviet Union[28]Vietnam (1982), in Cuba (1983), Italy, France and Finland and was combined with invitations to guest lectures and exhibition openings as well as participation in the design of various exhibitions in the Federal Republic and West Berlin. B. Grönwald represented the GDR at international congresses (Moscow 1972, 1974 and 1976, IKAS Helsingor 1984, UIA, Cairo 1985, Brighton 1987).[29] This role came to him in the spring of 1989 during the successful legal dispute in Switzerland over the acquisition of the estate of Hannes Meyer, which was in the care of Lena Meyer-Bergner[30] for the Bauhaus Dessau and the ETH Zurich. His activities as director of the Institute for Urban Planning and Architecture and vice-president of the Bauakademie of the GDR focused on a reorientation of scientific work on urban and regional research as well as theoretical and practical work to prepare the cities and regions in the GDR for a fundamental process of change in the reproduction of the building fabric and urban planning.[31]

The necessity of this process of change was foreseeable on the basis of elaborated, scientifically founded foresight and was highlighted by him in a study in 1986. At the same time, he endeavored to open up EDP applications for urban and architectural planning to the planners and the next generation at the Bauakademie, bypassing given embargo constraints vis-à-vis the GDR.[32] With the direction of the 1st and 2nd Berlin design seminars initiated by him in 1987 and 1988 at the Bauhaus Dessau on the design of the Friedrichstraße in Berlin-Mitte as well as the building in the district of Prenzlauer Berg, immediate urban planning and monument preservation hotspots were dealt with. The research results from these activities and many years of dealing with the architectural history of the GDR[33] showed that the process of urban decay in the GDR, the deformation in the development of settlement structures and the lack of innovation in architectural design had long been foreseeable[34]but that scientific foresight and urban planning no longer found a social breeding ground.[35]

This point of view, his own relationship and responsibility to this development process was attempted by B. Grönwald tried to introduce this point of view and his own responsibility to this development process in the symposium “Social Concept and Urban Development”, which he prepared and chaired in Berlin on 17 January 1990. Prior to this, the 57th plenary conference of the Bauakademie der DDR on urban planning and architecture, which he had responsibly prepared, had been cancelled on 5 October 1989, which is why he declared to those responsible that he was no longer prepared to continue his work under the given political circumstances.[36] The social events and the possibilities of continuing to work in the sense of the above-mentioned symposium had made this decision irrelevant. Under changed, supposedly easier circumstances, it was now necessary to concentrate on expanding contacts and fields of cooperation with scientific institutions and scholars in the FRG, for which the location of the Bauhaus in Dessau was particularly suitable. The seminar “Biostrategies for Building”, founded in 1986 and since then led by B. Grönwald together with Prof. Dr. Berthold Burckhardt/TU Braunschweig, could be intensified.[37] In addition, after the fields of experience in urban planning and urban development, which were more concretely developed at the Institute for Urban Planning and Architecture at the Bauakademie in the planning and research groups led by Grönwald, primarily resulted in work on the urban renewal process in Dresden and the city of Eisleben, as well as the establishment and leadership of an interdisciplinary scientific planning group for the urban planning of Leipzig[38]to encourage the German Association of Cities, which had been active throughout Germany since 13 June 1990, to hold a conference in Dessau.[39] In view of the urgent need for redevelopment, it was initially able to propose at least five East German cities with distinctive historic city centres as pilot projects and “model cities for urban redevelopment” for the Urban Heritage Protection Programme from 1991 (Stralsund, Quedlinburg, Görlitz, Leipzig, Meißen and Weimar in the Urban Heritage Protection Programme for the New Länder). The necessary as well as successful approach was quickly expanded (by 2005, the funding programme ultimately covered 162 cities in the former GDR).

Bernd Grönwald 1989 in front of the house Am Horn in Weimar

In the medium term, the reunification of the Association of German Architects (BDA) was in the offing, in the run-up to which the so-called Bauhaus Conference Dessau was organized on 24 June 1990. It brought the Dessau Declaration of the BDA “On the way to a democratic building culture” on the way.[40] Despite these activities and advisory work for the Modrow government[41] a continuation of the core work for B. Grönwald was interrupted due to a requirement to evaluate and dissolve the Bauakademie as well as his own announced dismissal on 31 December 1990. Bernd Grönwald rejected these measures and, after his withdrawal and a stay at a health resort in Bad Elster, in view of the loss of the values for which he had fought in his professional career and a lack of understanding of his broad range of activities as a science manager, he voted[42] committed suicide on 28 January 1991 in the house Am Horn.[43] He had wanted and helped to prepare the turnaround in the GDR. He could not bear to see how it finally came about.[44]

Family

Until his death, Bernd Grönwald lived with his family at Am Horn 61 in Weimar.[45] He maintained a work residence at Schönhauser Allee 115B in Berlin. He had been married to Marlis Grönwald, née Mehler, since 1962. They had three sons, Jens, Ingo and Holger Grönwald.

Awards

  • 1970: Activist of socialist work
  • 1970: Collective of socialist work
  • 1971: Activist of socialist work
  • 1972: DSF pin of honour in silver
  • 1974: Medal of merit of the GDR
  • 1976: Medal “50 years Bauhaus” in recognition and appreciation of special services to the preservation of the humanistic heritage of the Bauhaus
  • 1978: Activist of socialist work
  • 1980: Order Banner of Labour Level I
  • 1980: Collective of socialist work
  • 1985: Schinkel Medal of the Association of Architects of the GDR in silver
  • 1985: Hannes Meyer plaque of the council of the district Halle
  • 1986: University plaque for outstanding services to the HAB Weimar
  • 1989: proposed for the architecture award of the GDR

Memberships

  • BdA – Association of Architects of the GDR (since 1971, 1982-1986 member of the Presidium of the Federal Executive Committee of the BdA; resigned from the Presidium in 1986 and from the Federal Executive Committee in 1989)
  • Member of the Weimar district leadership of the SED 1971-1982
  • Member of the Erfurt district leadership of the SED 1982
  • Representative of the GDR in the UIA World Association of Architects
  • IKAS – International Congress of Architecture and Urbanism/Hamburg (1984-1989), Member of the Preparatory Committee
  • BISS – Bartlett International Summer School/London (from 1986 participation with main lectures and publications)

Exhibition designs

  • 1973-1986 – Author of the cabinet exhibition “Musterhaus Am Horn” Weimar (building history)
  • 1986 – Participation in the Bauhaus exhibition of the GDR in the Bauhaus Dessau
  • 1971/1989 – Moscow/Weimar: source research/consulting on exhibitions on the life’s work of the architect and Bauhaus director Hannes Meyer (author Klaus-Jürgen Winkler)
  • 1982 – Consultation on the synopsis and exhibition “History of the HfG – Ulm”
  • 1986 – Alfeld/Leine, idea and conception of the exhibition on “Walter Gropius and the Fagus Works”, design with A. Emmrich et al.
  • 1987 – Participation in the building exhibition of the GDR in Berlin in the design of the exhibition section “urban development”

Writings (selection)

  • Zur kulturschöpferischen Spezifik im Ingenieurschaffen des Bauwesens. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 20. Jg., Heft 3/4, 1974, S. 277-283
  • The 6th Building Conference, Impulse and Obligation, in: Architecture of the GDR 1/1976 (with H. Sonntag)
  • Main directions and tasks in the further development of cultural needs related to the work process. In: AIF-Information, Berlin 1978 a
  • Planning design. In: form+zweck 4, Berlin 1978 b, p. 3f.
  • Theses on building design. In: form+zweck 24/3, Berlin 1981, pp. 15-17
  • Postmodernism – an alternative architecture? In: Architecture of the GDR 31/6, Berlin 1982 a
  • Architectural Programming for the 1980s, in: Architecture of the GDR 31/6, Berlin 1982 b, pp. 335-339
  • Architectural theory in the training of architecture students at the Weimar College of Architecture and Civil Engineering, in: Architektur der DDR 31/6, Berlin 1982 c, pp. 365-367
  • “Humanisierung der Arbeit” im entwickelten Kapitalismus der siebziger Jahre. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 28. Jg., Heft 5/6, 1982 d, pp. 361-368 (with Eberhardt Blei)
  • Architectural Progress Today and for Tomorrow. In: Architektur der DDR 32/12, Berlin 1983 a, pp. 749-751 as well as Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 29. Jg., Heft 4/6, 1983 b, pp. 351-355
  • Historicity and Innovation. In: form+zweck 16, Berlin 1984, pp. 39-40
  • Pokrok architektury dnes a pre buducnost, zbornik vedeckych a adborych prac 1985. in: SVST fakulta architektura, Bratislava 1985 b, p. 43
  • Foreword. Laudatio for Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Siegfried Speer on the occasion of his retirement. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 31st Jg., Heft 2 Reihe A, 1985 c, pp. 33-37
  • Laudatio for Claude Schnaidt on the occasion of his honorary doctorate at the HAB Weimar on 27.5.83. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 31. Jg., Heft 2 Reihe A, 1985 d, S. 72
  • Laudatio for lecturer Dipl. Grafiker Werner Claus on the occasion of his retirement from university service. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 31st Jg., Heft 2 Reihe A, 1985 e, pp. 85-87
  • 8. Mai 1945 – Befreiung vom Faschismus in Städtebau und Architektur. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 31. Jg., Heft 3, 1985 f, p. 101-104
  • Georg Opitz 1921-1987. in: form+zweck 6, Berlin 1987
  • Scenarios as an instigation to communication. Contribution to the Symposium of the 2nd Scientific Day of the ILS Dortmund, ILS-Taschenbücher, Dortmund 1988 a
  • On the problem of innovation in the industrial areas of the GDR. In: Innovations in old industrial areas. Beiträge zum 1. Wissenschaftstag des ILS/NRW, ILS-Taschenbücher, Dortmund 1988 b, p. 24 ff.
  • Interactions between research on urban development, state leadership activities and structural practicability in 40-year development in the German Democratic Republic. In: 6th Conference on Urban and Regional Research of the UN/ECE Commission for Europe, Leipzig 1988 c, p. 181 ff.
  • On the Relationship between the Development of Productive Forces and Urban Architectural Form. In: Proceedings of the 9th Bartlett International Summer School, London 1988 d, pp. 180 ff.
  • On the Tasks of the Urban Planning Institutes of the Socialist Countries in the Period of Perestroika and Economic Reforms, printed manuscript, Warsaw 1989 a (with Klaus Andrä)
  • TheRole of Aesthetics. In: angebote 2, organ für ästhetik, Themenheft Ästhetik und Empirie, printed manuscript of the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin 1989 b, p. 73ff.
  • with Grönwald, Marlis: Haus Am Horn. Experiment for the Series. In: Schubert, Werner: Weimar. Insights into the History of a European City of Culture., Leipzig 1999, pp. 263-277(online)
  • 40 Jahre Städtebau- und Architekturentwicklung in der DDR. Ein Vortrag aus dem Jahr 1989, in: Bernhardt, Christoph, Flierl, Thomas, Welch-Guerra, Max (eds.), Städtebau-Debatten in der DDR. Hidden reform discourses. Contributions to the 7th Hermann Henselmann Colloquium on Urban Planning History as Social History, Berlin 2012, pp. 184-193, ISBN 978-3-943881-13-4

Literature

  • Knoop, Sophie: Bauhaus with a new profile. Interview with Bernd Grönwald, in: Wochenpost No. 51 of 19 December 1986, p. 3
  • Hain, Simone: Ein deutsches Schicksal. In memoriam Bernd Grönwald. In: ARCH+ 107, 1991, p. 21f,(online)
  • Siebenbrodt, Michael: Das Haus am Horn in Weimar – Bauhausstätte und Weltkulturerbe: Bau, Nutzung und Denkmalpflege. In: Heritage at Risk. The Soviet Heritage and European Modernism. IV. World Heritage Sites of the 20th Century – German Case Studies, 2006, pp. 112-118 [1] (PDF-File)
  • Schnaidt, Claude: Bernd Grönwald. In: Anders gesagt. Schriften 1950-2001, Weimar 2009, ISBN 978-3-86068-373-6, p. 276
  • Flierl, Bruno: Hoffnung bis zuletzt. An Obituary for Bernd Grönwald. In: Bernhardt, Christoph, Flierl, Thomas, Welch-Guerra, Max (eds.), Städtebau-Debatten in der DDR. Hidden reform discourses. Contributions of the 7th Hermann Henselmann Colloquium on Urban Planning History as Social History, Weimar 2009, pp. 177-183
  • Behling, Klaus: Bernd Grönwald. In: “Suddenly and Unexpectedly …”: Suicides after the Fall of the Wall and Unification, Berlin 2015

Web links

Individual references

  1. According to the source text “Brief justification for the proposal of the Bauakademie der DDR for the award of the “Architecture Prize of the GDR” to Prof. Dr. Bernd Grönwald on the Day of the Construction Worker” on 25 June 1989, incl. formulation of the focal points of the work listed here
  2. Grönwald: Hannes-Meyer-Seminar at the Bauhaus Dessau, in: Architektur der DDR 8/1982, ders.: III. Hannes Meyer Seminar at the Bauhaus Dessau. In: Architektur der DDR 31/8 1982, p. 509, III, ders: Das 4. Hannes-Meyer-Seminar im 35. Jahr der DDR – ein Beitrag zur Lösung neuer Aufgaben des Wohnungsbauprogramms der DDR. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 30. Jg., Heft 4, 1984, S. 199-208 as well as ders.: Entwürfe zur Stadterneuerung. 4. Hannes Meyer Seminar. In: form+zweck 1 (17. Jg.), Berlin 1985 a, pp. 35-38 and Hannes Meyer und das Architekturschaffen unserer Zeit. Ceremonial lecture on the occasion of the awarding of the Hannes Meyer plaque by the council of the district of Halle on 14.11.1985. In: BdA-Mitteilungen des Bezirkes Halle 2, Halle 1985 b
  3. Important titles in this regard include Grönwald: Arbeitskultur und Arbeitsumweltgestaltung. Thesen zur Tagung Arbeitskultur im sozialistischen Betrieb (working material printed as a manuscript), Erfurt/Dresden 1974, ders.: Die Gestaltung der Arbeitsumwelt in der sozialistischen Industrie – ein bedeutsames Element in der Entwicklung der sozialistischen Arbeitskultur. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 22nd Jg., Heft 1, 1975, pp. 83-91, Autorenkollektiv der Bauakademie der DDR, Institut für Industriebau (co-authorship): Richtlinie Arbeits- und Lebensbedingungen. Design guideline for the planning of supply and care facilities as well as their functional-structural classification in industrial plants. In: Entwurfsgrundlagen für Industriewerke Heft 3 (draft Berlin 1975, edition recommended for use May 1976), Berlin 1976 a, Grönwald: Arbeitsumweltgestaltung als Beitrag zur Erhöhung der sozialistischen Arbeitskultur nach dem IX. Parteitag der SED. In: Weimarer Beiträge, Weimar 1976 b, ders.: Arbeitsumweltgestaltung zu einer umfassenden sozialen Aktivität bei der Verwirklichung der Beschlüsse des IX. Parteitages entwickeln! Thesen zur zentralen Gestalterfachtagung der DDR, printed manuscript, Dresden 1977 a, ders.: Strategie für Arbeitsumweltgestaltung. In: form+zweck 3, Berlin 1977 b, p. 2f., ders: Textbook “Arbeitsumweltgestaltung”, Berlin 1977/1978 (with Gerhard Baumgärtel), ders: Arbeitsumweltgestaltung im Industriebau, Berlin 1980 (with Gerhard Baumgärtel), ders: Arbeitsumwelt und Arbeitsgestaltung – Definition und Gegenstand. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 28. Jg., Heft 5/6, 1982 a, S. 352f. as well as ders.: Arbeitsumweltgestaltung für die 80er Jahre – Bilanz, Tendenzen und der historische Zusammenhang. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 28th Jg., Heft 5/6, 1982 b, pp. 353-360.
  4. Cf. for example Grönwald: Die bürgerliche Ideologie in ihrer baulich-räumlichen Widerspiegelung in der Architekturentwicklung des staatsmonopolistischen Kapitalismus. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 20. Jg., Heft 2, 1973, S. 125-131, ders.: Aktuelle Probleme der Auseinandersetzung mit der bürgerlichen Ideologie in der Architekturentwicklung des Kapitalismus. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 21. Jg., Heft 5, 1974, S. 353-361, ders.: Die Arbeitsumwelt in den entwickelten kapitalistischen Ländern – Gegenstand zunehmender Aktivitäten des Monopolkapitals und der bürgerlichen Ideologie in der Klassenauseinandersetzung. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar, Heft 1, 1976, pp. 49-57, ders: Thesen zur Entwicklung kultureller Bedürfnisse in der Arbeiterklasse und den sich daraus ergebenden Konsequenzen für die Gestaltung der Arbeitsumwelt. In: Information on Sociological Research in the GDR 12, no. 6 1976, pp. 20-33 or ders: On the Culture of the Socialist Working Environment. In: Contributions to the Design of the Working Environment 3, Dresden 1985, p. 118
  5. Cf. for example Grönwald: Erbe und Verpflichtung. In: form+zweck 15/2, Berlin 1983, pp. 5-8, and: On the occasion of the 100th birthday of Walter Gropius. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar A-31/2, 1985, pp. 97-100, as well as numerous other publications, see below.
  6. Cf. for example Grönwald: Architekturkritik und gesellschaftliche Praxis, in: Architektur der DDR August 8/1985 (with Gerd Zimmermann), ders.: Bauen im Produktions- und Reproduktionsprozeß des Sozialismus. In: The production of the build environment. Proceedings of the 8th Bartlett International Summer School, London 1987 a, p. 55ff., ders.: Aspects of the social development of cities in the 1990s as a result of relevant influences of the reproduction of basic building funds as well as urban planning and architectural development in the GDR. In: Information on Sociological Research in the GDR 3/1987 b, pp. 18-24. Ders: New demands on architectural science and architectural practice for increasing the socio-economic and cultural effectiveness of building. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 33/4-6, 1987 c, pp. 194-198 and ders.: Gesellschaftskonzeption und Stadterneuerung sind nur über praktisches Bauen realisierbar. Introductory lecture to the scientific symposium “Gesellschaftskonzeption und Stadtentwicklung” of the Bauakademie der DDR on 17 January 1990 in Berlin. In: Helms, Hans G. (ed.), Die Stadt als Gabentisch, Leipzig 1992, p. 316
  7. Barbara Berning, Making good even better. in: Horst Bartzsch (Red.), Das Beste hat viele Namen, Erfurt 1981, pp. 197-200
  8. Four-part series of articles in the daily newspaper “Das Volk”, district organ of the SED Erfurt from 27 February 1962 (“Auf meinen Panzer ist Verlass”, “Wir vorstellen: Gefreiter Bernd Grönwald”), 28 February 1962 (“Notizen zu einer großen Truppenübung der NVA”) and 1 March 1962 (“Ich will Städte bauen”); taken up in 1982 by Stade, Heinz: Zukunft – hart an der Realität projektiert. Conversation with Bernd Grönwald, in: Das Volk, Erfurt 2 January 1982, p. 6
  9. Pretzsch, Alfred: Freehand drawing in leisure time. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 12. Jg., Heft 2, 1965, S. 191-194
  10. Cf. authors’ collective, headed by Bernd Grönwald: Modell einer Sektion Architektur an der HAB Weimar, Weimar 1968 a, and Grönwald (co-authorship): Leitgedanken zur Durchführung der Hochschulreform an der HAB Weimar, Weimar 1968 b and ders. (co-authorship): Konzeption zur Durchführung der Hochschulreform an der HAB Weimar, Weimar 1968
  11. Grönwald: Section Architecture. In: 125 Years of Tradition Hochschule für Architektur und Bauwesen Weimar. Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 31. Jg., Heft 4-6 Reihe A, 1985, S. 194
  12. Cf. Grönwald: Theses on the Scientific Profile of the Section for Architecture, Weimar 1969, and the following: Theses on the Research Profile of the Section for Architecture, Weimar 1969, as well as the following with Horst Schiefelbein and Klaus Jürgen Winkler: Theses on the Visual Arts of the Section for Architecture, Weimar 1969
  13. Cf. Grönwald: Gesellschaftliche Zielstellungen zur Vorbereitung eines Investitionsvorhabens in der Automobilindustrie/IVE-Phase, Zwickau 1974, ders: Kultursoziologische Untersuchung (Interviewbefragung nach Expertenanalyse) zur Vorbereitung der Planung der Grundfondsreproduktion für den Planungszeitraum 1976-80 und zur langfristigen Vorbereitung einer Investitionsmaßnahme im VEB Automobilwerke “Sachsenring” Zwickau, Zwickau 1974/1975 as well as ders.: Basic Sociological Concept for the Design of a Break Recovery for the Preparation of a New Investment in the Automobile Industry for the Eighties, Zwickau 1975
  14. Grönwald: Max Bill in Weimar, in: Bildende Kunst 8, Berlin 1987, pp. 349-351
  15. Grönwald: Georg Muche and his work in the GDR. In: form+zweck 8/6, Berlin 1975, pp. 25-27 as well as ders: Laudatio für Georg Muche, in: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 28, Heft 4/5, 1979, pp. 291-294
  16. Marlis and Bernd Grönwald: Margaretha Reichardt (1907-1984). Bauhaus Tradition and Creative Work in the Present. In: Scientific Journal of the HAB Weimar A-31, 1985, pp. 91-94
  17. Grönwald: On some aspects of the further appropriation and care of the Bauhaus heritage in the GDR. Special issue on 50 years of the Bauhaus Dessau. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 23, Heft 5/6, 1976, pp. 458-460
  18. Grönwald: Utilization concept for a break recreation zone at the VEB Textilseidenzwirnerei Leinefelde, 1973
  19. See, among others, Marlis and Bernd Grönwald: Haus am Horn – Experiment für die Serie. In: form+zweck 15/2, Berlin 1983, pp. 18-23
  20. Cf. Grönwald: Verantwortung und Aufgaben marxistisch-leninistischer Forschung zum Bauhauserbe. Special issue on the scientific colloquium December 1976. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar, 1976
  21. Bowler 2012, p. 2, http://dr-kegler.de/pdf/bh_kolloquien.pdf
  22. Cf. Grönwald: Kulturpolitische Bedeutung und gesellschaftliche Wirkung der Pflege und Aneignung des Bauhauses in der DDR, in: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 28, Heft 4/5, 1979, pp. 309-312
  23. Cf. Steffi Knop, Bauhaus with a new profile. Interview with Prof. Dr. sc. Phil. Dr.-Ing. Bernd Grönwald, in: “Wochenpost” No. 51, Berlin 1986, p. 3 as well as Bernd Grönwald, Im Blickpunkt: Neues Leben im Bauhaus. Heritage care, practice-oriented research and further education in Dessau, in: “Neues Deutschland”, 29/30 November 1986, p. 9.
  24. See, for example, Grönwald: Bauhaus Dessau 1986, in: Bildende Kunst 11, Berlin 1986, pp. 486-490, and ders: Eine Stätte der Erbepflege, Forschung und Weiterbildung. In: Freiheit of December 4, 1986, p. 6 as well as ders: Bauhaus Dessau today. In: Deutsche Volkszeitung No. 3 of 16 January 1987, p. 12
  25. Grönwald: The student competition for the XIV UIA congress, in: Architecture of the GDR 30/11, Berlin 1981, pp. 685-689, III, as well as the following: The UIA prize for GDR students – a conceptual contribution to inner-city redevelopment, in: Architecture of the GDR 31/1, Berlin 1982, pp. 30-35
  26. Cf. Olaf Weber A museum for the “difficult companion”. On the Critique of the Schiller Museum in Weimar, 31 December 1990
  27. On the change in the leadership of the Architecture Section in an extended Section Council meeting on 8 January 1986, cf. Change in the Leadership of the Architecture Section. In: “konstruktiv”, organ of the SED party leadership at the Weimar College of Architecture and Civil Engineering, 12th volume, issue no. 2 of 16 February 1986, pp. 1f. His successor was Horst Siegel (architect).
  28. This collaboration resulted in publications such as Grönwald: Arbeitsumweltgestaltung als Bestandteil sozialistischer Arbeitskultur. In: Sonderheft HAB Weimar/MISI Moskau, in: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 24, Heft 2, 1977, pp. 165-170, ders./Baumgärtel, Gerhard: Условиядля кратковременногоотдыха на промышленном предприятии. In: Техническая эстетика 15, Moscow 1978, pp. 14-17, III, ders: WCHUTEMAS/WCHUTEIN. In: form+zweck 13/2, Berlin 1981, p. 2, ders: Projektierung von Versorgungs- und Betreuungseinrichtungen in Industriebetrieben. In: Schubin, Ljubim. F.: Вышая школа, Moscow 1986 a or ders: Сохранять и развивать революционное наследие художественных школ 20-х годов! In: ВХУТЕМАС-МАРХИ 1920-1980. ТРАДИЦИИ И НОВАТОРСТВО. Moscow 1986 b, p. 39f.
  29. Grönwald: Cairo 1985 – Brighton 1987, Review and Expectations of the XVIth World Congress of the UIA, in: Architecture of the GDR 6/1987
  30. Grönwald: On the death of Lena Meyer-Bergner. In: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 28. Jg., Heft 1, 1982, pp. 19-25
  31. Cf. Grönwald: Neue Anforderungen an Architektur. In: form+zweck 2, Berlin 1987 (19th ed.), pp. 41-44
  32. According to Grönwald: 1st International Symposium on EDP Application in Construction, Architecture, Urban and Regional Planning. In: Architektur der DDR 31/8, 1982 cf. ders: Computer in Stadtplanung und Architektur, in: Architektur der DDR, 4/1988, pp. 7-9 as well as: Urban planning and architectural design. In: On the intensification of preparatory processes through the application of computer-aided methods (CAD/CAM). Working group report of the 53rd plenary session of the Bauakademie der DDR. In: Bauforschung/Baupraxis 224/1988, p. 17f.
  33. Cf. for example Grönwald: Zur gesellschaftlichen Aktualität architekturtheoretischer Forschungen im Blickwinkel 30jährigen Architekturentwicklung in der DDR, in: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar 26, Heft 2, 1979, pp. 73-78, ders.: Die DDR-Architektur nach 1986. Entwicklungszusammenhang und Ausblick auf eine qualitativ neue Etappe in der Durchsetzung der Grundsätze für die sozialistische Entwicklung von Städtebau und Architektur (Studie). Weimar 1985 (with Gerd Zimmermann), ders.: Tradition und Gegenwart einer Architekturschule in der DDR. In: Deutsche Bauzeitschrift 3/1986, p. 286, ders.: Perspektiven und Entwicklungstendenzen des Städtebaus in der DDR. ILS-Taschenbücher, Dortmund 1988, ders.: Städtebau und Architektur in der DDR – eine historische Übersicht. In: Bauinformation 1989 as well as ders.: Thesen zum workshop: Geschichte der DDR-Architektur, 5. Bauhauskolloquium 27-30 July 1989, in: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der HAB Weimar, Heft 1-3, 1990, p. 152ff.
  34. Cf. Grönwald: Aspekte der Prognose langfristiger Entwicklung von Städtebau und Architektur in Beziehung zur städtebaulichen Reproduktion. In: Bauinformation 1989 a, p. 15 ff.
  35. Cf. Grönwald: Neue Aufgaben für Städtebau- und Architekturforschung in den 90er Jahren. In: Architektur der DDR, 38/9 1989 b, p. 4ff and ders: Intensive Reproduktion der Bausubstanz und Stadtentwicklung. In: Intensive Reproduction of the Building Substance. Scientific conference of the Ifö/BA 1989, Magdeburg 1990
  36. Hain 1991, p. 21, http://www.archplus.net/download/artikel/1066/, the contribution intended for it, “Zu Aspekten und Aufgaben kulturell-ästhetischer Wertbildung im architektonischen Schaffen der 90er Jahre – Thesen zur Vorbereitung der 57. Planartagung der Bauakademie der DDR” (“On Aspects and Tasks of Cultural-Aesthetic Value Formation in Architectural Work of the 1990s – Theses in Preparation for the 57th Planning Conference of the GDR Building Academy” ), was therefore only discussed in the Urban Planning and Architecture Section of the GDR Building Academy.
  37. Grönwald/Burkhardt: Biostrategien für das Bauen – ein neues Schlagwort oder gesellschaftliches Erfordernis? In: Biostrategien für das Bauen. Berichte über die Internationalen Seminare, ed. by Bauakademie Berlin und Bauhaus Dessau, Berlin: Bauinformation 1990, pp. 7-9. (Bauforschung-Baupraxis Heft 273 und Neue Bauhaushefte 2).
  38. On preliminary work, cf. Grönwald: Bauen in der Stadt. In: Passages – Analyses and Drafts for Leipzig. In: Scientific Journal of the HAB Weimar 67, 1988, pp. 4-8
  39. Based on contacts that B. Grönwald was able to make as head of a delegation of experts from the GDR at the Building Committee of the German Association of Cities in the context of the 1988 Meeting of Cities (see ” General-Anzeiger” Bonn, 10 June 1988, p. 8).
  40. Association of German Architects – BDA, Dessau Declaration. On the way to a democratic building culture, Bauhaus Conference Dessau, 24 June 1990; http://www.dnk.de/_uploads/media/198_1990_BDA_DessauerErklaerung.pdf
  41. Letter from Eberhardt Blei to Bruno Flierl in preparation for the colloquium “History of Science and Personnel Bernd Grönwald”, 28 January 2009 at the Bauhaus University Weimar, July 2008.
  42. Blei, Eberhardt: Is “Bernd Grönwald” personal, institutional, social or disciplinary history? – Research fields and sources. 24. September 2007 (revised versions January 28, 2008 and January 31, 2009) and panel discussion DFF Leipzig “Sind unsere Städte noch zu retten?” 1990
  43. Claude Schnaidt: Bernd Grönwald. In: Anders gesagt. Schriften 1950-2001, Weimar 2009, p. 276
  44. Bruno Flierl quoted in Peter Marcuse, Missing Marx. A Personal and Political Journal of a Year in East Germany, 1989-1990, New York 1991, p. 287 and Flierl 2009, pp. 177-183.
  45. cf. Breitenfelder, Katja: The Haus am Horn in Weimar – Climate adapted design & Energy efficiency of a Bauhaus and World Cultural Heritage site. Leuven 2012, p. 12