Arens de Lledó
|Community of Arens de Lledó|
|Coat of arms||Map of Spain|
|Residents:||211 [1 Jan. 2019]|
|Population Density:||6.16 inhabitants/km²|
|Municipal Number (INE):||44027|
|Mayor:||María Teresa Querol Tallada (PSOE-Aragón)|
Arens de Lledó (in Catalan Arenys de Lledó) is a Spanish municipality in the comarca of Matarraña of the province of Teruel in the autonomous region of Aragon. It has 211 inhabitants (INE 1 January 2019) and covers an area of 34 square kilometres.
This place is located in the middle of the Franja de Ponent.
Arens de Lledó is located between Horta de Sant Joan Catalonia (known as the starting point for tours in the Els Ports Nature Park and where Picasso is said to have found inspiration for Cubism during his stay) and Calaceite, the cultural capital of Matarraña. The village of Arens de Lledó is located in the easternmost part of the province, in a hilly area near the river Algars, which marks the border with Terra Alta and Catalonia. On this river is El Galeró, a popular seaside resort.
There is evidence of the first human settlement in the Bronze Age. From the Middle Ages there are remains of the old city wall and six kilometres away, at the chapel of St. Hippolytus (Sant Pol), there is the base of a medieval column. There is also a Templar cross of paws on this site. This holy site is still a centre of pilgrimage and a procession takes place every year on the first Saturday in May. Tradition says that this place was visited by women to ask for fertility. The path to the chapel is lined with ancient cypress trees.
The Spanish Civil War from 1936 to 1939 also shook this village.
Due to the post-war turmoil and severe cold spells, there was a migration movement to Barcelona and the surrounding area, as well as to Valencia, in search of new employment opportunities.
Places of interest
- The Ermita de Sant Pol is located six kilometres from Arens de Lledô, but still within the municipal boundaries. Flanked by centuries-old cypress trees, the chapel of St. Hippolytus (Sant Pol) is located on the former medieval hermitage. On the first Saturday in May, there is a pilgrimage with a mass in the chapel.
- Worth seeing is the church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, a Gothic building (15th and 16th century) with a passage arch which dates back to the Middle Ages. In the chancel there is a decorative sculpture of two fish, the symbol of this village. This church was declared a Monument of Cultural Interest on 8 February 1983.
Agriculture is the main source of income, mainly through the harvest of olives, almonds and grapes. Many businesses are based on tourism. There is a winery that produces high quality wines and some small shops and an agricultural cooperative.
Due to immigration from other areas of Spain as well as from other European countries and North America, the population of this municipality has increased in recent years. The local school, with Spanish and Catalan as the languages of instruction, is attended by half local and half foreign children.
The river Algars forms the border between Catalonia and Aragón. It is a tributary of the Río Matarraña, natural pools and eroded rock formations mark the course of the Algars. In it live among other things Crayfish, turtles and catfish. Well known is El Galero, a swimming area popular for its natural pools.
Fauna and flora
Golden eagles and vultures can be observed. In the pine forests you can find, among others, the woodpecker or the crossbill. Hispanic goats can also be spotted and squirrels cross the path again and again. In addition, wild mountain cats and foxes live there. The vegetation consists of pine, juniper, maple, yew, hazel, oak, almond, olive and oak trees. Herbaceous species such as thyme and rosemary can be found.
- Epiphany (January 5). The Three Kings make a pilgrimage to the town hall square to deliver their gifts to children and adults when their name is called. The feast is organized by the parish church.
- San Antonio Abad (January 17 or first Saturday thereafter) dishes and desserts will be auctioned. The total value of the auction goes to the Church and its works. Organized by the Commission Sant Pol.
- Santa Agueda (February 11). Women’s Day. On this day, women honor the tradition. This religious act in favor of Santa Agueda includes the delivery of nipples, women’s food and other festivities and is organized by Commission Santa Agueda.
- Carnival. Costumes with parade through the streets of the village. Organized by the cultural association El Galeró.
- Easter. Processions. Organized by the parish church.
- 23. April (St. George’s Day): Sale of flowers and books, spectacle for children, organized by AMPA and El Galero Cultural Association.
- St. Pol (On the first Saturday in May). Pilgrimage. There will be traditional Mass in the chapel, family meals and games. Organized by: City of Arens de Lledo, Association of St. Pol and Festive Committee.
- San Cristóbal (July 10). Blessing for vehicles. Organized by the parish church. Dinner at the Sports Centre. Organizer: Festival Committee.
- Cultural Week (6 to 10 August). Organization: Cultural Association El Galero.
- Great festivities (12 to 17 August). Organization: Festival Committee
The cultural association El Galero organizes different workshops and events throughout the year.
– Collection of images, videos and audio files
- Cifras oficiales de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero. Population statistics of the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (population update)