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Alexander Jegorowitsch Staubert

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Alexander Yegorovich Staubert(Russian Александр Егорович Штауберт; b. 1780 in St. Petersburg; † 1843 ibid) was a Russian architect.[1]

Life

Staubert was the son of a German officer in the Russian army. He studied in St. Petersburg 1788-1801 at the Academy of Arts under Andrei Sakharov.[1] He then worked in the engineering department of the military office until his death. His practical activity began under the direction of the architect Andrei Voronikhin with the completion of the house-church of the Mountain Cadet Corps.

Staubert built mainly in St Petersburg. His first significant work was the Military Orphanage (1806-1809) at Moskovsky Prospect 17.[1] In 1822-1825 he built the Late Classicist Guard Officers’ School, later the Nicholas Cavalry School. In a project of Carlo Rossi Staubert built the building of the Senate and the Synod. Then in 1826-1827 he rebuilt the building of the Artillery School. In 1827 he was elected as a free honorary member of the Academy of Arts. In 1828-1829 he built the naval prison. With bricks he built the barracks of the Moscow Regiment and the Hunter Regiment. He was the first to dispense with plaster and stucco, so he was considered the founder of the brick style. In 1831-1836 he extended the Chesmensk Palace with two-storey wing buildings.

Outside St. Petersburg he built, in particular, in Gattschina the city hospital (1820-1822),[2] in the fortress of Schlüsselburg the neoclassical Cathedral of the Nativity of John the Baptist (1826-1831, preserved only as a ruin), in Yamburg the Manege of the Tsaritsyn Regiment (1830-1838) with the architect Trendelenburg, in Babruysk the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, and in Dünaburg official buildings and gymnasium. In Dünaburg he planned the defensive fortifications together with Georg Heinrich Hekel (1764-1832).[3] There is also his project of the barracks for prisoners in Omsk (1830-1831)[4] and the project of the inn and brick barracks in Brest (1835).

Staubert’s last work was the unadorned functional building of the Nicholas Military Hospital (1835-1840) in the late classicist style in St. Petersburg, which was typical of Staubert.

Staubert was buried in St. Petersburg at the Smolensk cemetery.[1]

Web links

Commons: Alexander Staubert’s buildings– Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual references

  1. a b c d Saint Petersburg Encyclopedia: ШТАУБЕРТ Александр Егорович (retrieved August 10, 2017).
  2. При деревне Гатчине госпиталь (retrieved August 10, 2017).
  3. Latvian Press Review: Latvia: Daugavpils (Dünaburg) city celebrated 740th anniversary (retrieved 10 August 2017).
  4. Артиллеристский цейхгауз (retrieved August 10, 2017).