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Agreement on the European Economic Area

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Agreement on the European Economic Area
Short Title: EEA Agreement
Title (English): Agreement on the European Economic Area
Date: 2.May 1992[1]
Entry into force: between the European Community, the European Coal and Steel Community, its Member States and the Republic of Finland, the Republic of Iceland, the Kingdom of Norway, the Republic of Austria and the Kingdom of Sweden: on 1 January 1994,[2]
for the Principality of Liechtenstein: on 1 May 1995[3]
Reference: Official Journal of the European Communities No L 1, 3 January 1994, S. 3–522(PDF; 39.9 MiB) ( information onthe document),
EUR-Lex: consolidation of 22 June 2017 with links to the
amending documents and the corrigenda, as well as with information
Contract Type: international association agreement between European states and a supranational (European) association of states
Legal Matter: Commercial, economic and competition law
Signature: 32 plus the European Economic Community and the European Coal and Steel Community
Ratification: 31 plus the European Community (then the new name of the signatory European Economic Community) and the European Coal and Steel Community[4]
European Community: Signed May 2, 1992 (still as the European Economic Community),[1]
Deposit of the instrument of ratification or approval on 13 December 1993[5]
Germany: Signed 2 May 1992,[1]
Approval of the bodies responsible for federal legislation in accordance with Article 59( 2) of the Basic Law in the form of a federal law of 31 March 1993, which entered into force on 17 April 1993,[6]
Deposit of the instrument of
ratification or approval before 13 December 1993[5]
Liechtenstein: Signed May 2, 1992,[1]
Deposit of the instrument of ratification between 10 March 1995 and 1 May 1995[7]
Austria: Signed May 2, 1992,[1]
Deposit of the instrument of ratification or approval before 13 December 1993[5]
Switzerland: Signed 2 May 1992[1],
In the referendum of 6 December 1992 on the Federal Decree on the European Economic Area (EEA)
of9 October 1992, this Federal Decree, which provided for the approval of the EEA Agreement and the authorisation of the Federal Council to ratify the Agreement, was rejected,[8]
not ratified
Please note the reference to the current version of the contract.

The Agreement on the European Economic Area governs the European Economic Area. It was signed in Oporto on 2 May 1992[1] and entered into force between the European Community, the European Coal and Steel Community, its then Member States (EC-12) and the Republic of Finland, the Republic of Iceland, the Kingdom of Norway, the Republic of Austria and the Kingdom of Sweden on 1 January 1994,[2] for the Principality of Liechtenstein, on 1 May 1995[3] entered into force. It associates the Member States of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) – with the exception of the Swiss Confederation, which did not ratify the Agreement – with the internal market of the European Community. The states that have joined the EU since the entry into force of the EEA Agreement but were not already party to the EEA Agreement at the time of their accession to the EU (2004, 2007 and 2013) have acceded to the Agreement and have been party to it since then, although the Agreement on the Participation of the Republic of Croatia in the European Economic Area, which amends the main body of the EEA Agreement to make the Republic of Croatia a party to the Agreement, has not yet entered into force but has been applied provisionally – since 12 April 2014.It has been applied provisionally since 12 April 2014. With the expiry of the European Coal and Steel Community in 2002, by Article 1 of the ECSC Succession Decision[9] the rights and obligations arising from the international agreements concluded by the ECSC were transferred to the European Community on 24 July 2002.[10] With the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon on 1 December 2009, the European Union became the legal successor of the European Community.

Accession

The first sentence of Article 128(1) of the Agreement provides:

“Any European State which becomes a member of the Community may apply, and the Swiss Confederation and any European State which becomes a member of EFTA may apply, to become a Party to this Agreement.”[4]

Accordingly, the submission of such an application is obligatory for EU Member States and optional for EFTA Member States.

Resignation

“Any Party may withdraw from this Agreement, provided that it gives at least twelve months’ prior written notice to the other Parties.”

Article 127, 1st subparagraph[4]

See also

  • Federal vote on the European Economic Area

Web links

Individual references

  1. a b c d e f g Agreement on the European Economic Area. In: Official Journal of the European Communities. No. L 1, 3 January 1994, ISSN 0376-9453 , pp.3-522(online(PDF; 41.83 MB) in EUR-Lex of the European Union, accessed and received 12 January 2018 [ZDB ID 2091357-6]).
    Krzysztof Bartczak, Fernando Garcés de los Fayos The European Economic Area (EEA), Switzerland and the North. June 2017. in: policy briefs on the European Union. In European Parliament / Service(www.europarl.europa.eu). European Parliament, accessed and received 14 November 2017.
  2. a b Article 129, paragraph 3 of the Agreement on the European Economic Area in conjunction with Article 1(1) in conjunction with Article 22(3) of the Protocol adjusting the Agreement on the European Economic Area in conjunction with the Notice concerning the date of entry into force of the Agreement on the European Economic Area and the Protocol adjusting the Agreement on the European Economic Area(PDF; 144.3 kB), accessed 14 November 2017..
    Notice concerning the entry into force of the Agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA Agreement) and the Protocol adjusting that Agreement. Of 6 April 1994 (Federal Law Gazette 1994 II p. 515).
    Krzysztof Bartczak, Fernando Garcés de los Fayos The European Economic Area (EEA), Switzerland and the North. June 2017. in: policy briefs on the European Union. In European Parliament / Service(www.europarl.europa.eu). European Parliament, accessed and received 14 November 2017.
  3. a b Article 129 (3) of the Agreement on the European Economic Area in conjunction with Article 1(2) of the Protocol adjusting the Agreement on the European Economic Area in conjunction with Article 6 in conjunction with Article 7(1) to (2) of the Decision of the EEA Council No 1/95 of 10 March 1995 on the entry into force of the Agreement on the European Economic Area for the Principality of Liechtenstein, accessed November 14, 2017.
    Notice on the Scope of the Agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA Agreement) and the Protocol adjusting that Agreement. Of 7 August 1995 (Federal Law Gazette 1995 II p. 725).
    The European Economic Area (EEA) – Brief Information. EEA Staff Office, Vaduz (Principality of Liechtenstein), as of November 2017, p. 5 (Online in www.llv.li– Administrative Portal of the Liechtenstein National Administration).
  4. a b c Agreement on the European Economic Area. In: EUR-Lex. European Union, accessed and received 14 November 2017 (consolidation of 22 June 2017, ZDB ID 2091357-6).
  5. a b c Notice concerning the date of entry into force of the Agreement on the European Economic Area and the Protocol adjusting the Agreement on the European Economic Area(PDF; 144.3 kB) in conjunction with Article 1(1) of the Protocol adjusting the Agreement on the European Economic Area, accessed 14 November 2017.
  6. Act to the Agreement of 2 May 1992 on the European Economic Area (EEA Agreement) (BGBl. 1993 II p. 266). The Protocol adjusting the Agreement on the European Economic Area was approved by the bodies responsible for federal legislation by the Act on the Protocol of 17 March 1993 adjusting the Agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA Agreement) of 25 August 1993 (BGBl. 1993 II p. 1294), which entered into force on 8 September 1993.
  7. Article 7(1) of Decision of the EEA Council No 1/95 of 10 March 1995 on the entry into force of the Agreement on the European Economic Area for the Principality of Liechtenstein, accessed 14 November 2017
    The European Economic Area (EEA) – Information note. EEA Staff Office, Vaduz (Principality of Liechtenstein), as of November 2017, p. 5 (Online in www.llv.li– Administrative Portal of the Liechtenstein National Administration).
  8. Referendum of 06.12.1992, Referendum of 06.12.1992 – Bill No. 388 – Overview and Federal Decree on the European Economic Area (EEA) – Chronology in www.admin.ch and Referendum of 6 December 1992 – Explanations of the Federal Council@1@2Template:Dead link/www.bk.admin.ch(page no longer available, search web archives ) Info: Thelink was automatically marked as broken. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF file, 2.05 MB) in www.bk.admin.ch. Federal Chancellery, accessed and received 16 November 2017.
  9. Decision of the Representatives of the Governments of the Member States, meeting within the Council, of 19 July 2002 concerning the consequences of the expiry of the Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) on international agreements concluded by the ECSC (2002/595/EC). In: Official Journal of the European Communities. No L 194 of 23 July 2002, ISSN 0376-9453 , p.35 (Online in EUR-Lex of the European Union, accessed and received on 12 January 2018 [ZDB ID2091357-6],CELEX number of document: 42002D0595).
  10. Walter Obwexer: The End of the European Coal and Steel Community. In: European Journal of Economic Law. Vol. 13.2002, No. 17, 2002, ISSN 0937-7204, pp.517-524 .