188. Mountain Division (Wehrmacht)

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188. Mountain Division

Truppenkennzeichen – Der Gamsbock

Troop license plate – The chamois buck

Active 1. March 1944 until May 8, 1945 (surrender)
State German Reich NSDeutsches Reich (NS-Zeit) German Reich
Forces Wehrmacht
Sub-Force Army
Troop type Mountain Troop
Type Mountain Division
Structure Structure
Garrison Innsbruck
Second World War Fight against partisans in Italy and Yugoslavia
Sole Commander Lieutenant General Hans von Hößlin

The 188th Mountain Division was a major unit of the mountain troops of the Wehrmacht in World War II.


Monument 188th Mountain Division (Wehrmacht)

The forerunner of the 188th Mountain Division was the 188th Reserve Mountain Division of the Deputy General Command of the XVIIIth Army Corps, Salzburg, which was established in the Alpine region. Army Corps, Salzburg. On 1 March 1945, the 188th Reserve Mountain Division was renamed and reorganized as the 188th Mountain Division. During this year, various groups were tasked with security duties and operations against partisans in Croatia and Istria east of Trieste, in the Adelsberg (slow.: Postojna) area. Deployment also north of Fiume at Lipa (Matulji) (Ital.:Lippe) and Clana. Attack and defensive battles at Krainer Schneeberg (Ital.:Monte Acuto), near Bistritz (in Gottscheer Land) and Illyrisch Feistritz, (Ital.:Villa del Nevoso). Breakthrough battles at Schämbl (Ital.: Sembie) and Herpelie. The remnants of the division fell into years of Yugoslav captivity; commander Hans von Hößlin was tried by a Yugoslav war crimes court and executed in 1947.


  • Mountain Infantry Regiment 901
  • Mountain Infantry Regiment 902
  • Mountain Infantry Regiment 903
  • Mountain Infantry Regiment 904
  • Mountain Artillery Regiment 1088
  • Mountain Pioneer Battalion 1088
  • News Department 1088
  • Division units 1088

Web links

Commons: 188th Mountain Division (Wehrmacht)– Collection of images, videos and audio files


  • Georg Tessin: Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945. 2nd edition. Volume 7: Land Forces 131-200, Biblio-Verlag, Bissendorf 1979, ISBN 3-7648-1173-0.